Political Parties and Elections - 1949-63 - Germany

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  • Political Parties and Elections - 1949-63
    • The CDU
      • Supported capitalism and competition, but wanted to protect the vulnerable
      • Supported the welfare state
      • Followed the Ahlen Programme, which outlined beliefs in traditional Christian values, a social conscience and a free market - replaced with center-conservative policies in 1957
    • The SPD
      • Formed from Marxist, working-class movements
      • Abandoned Marxism in 1959 at the Bad Godesberg Conference
      • Wanted social justice and individual freedom
    • Elections and election results
      • Konrad Adenauer was Chancellor between 1949-63
      • His period of power is often called "chancellor democracy"
      • Elections were merely a series of plebiscites in favour of the government
      • Election results
        • 1949
          • CDU - 31%
          • SDP - 29.2%
          • FDP - 11.9%
          • KDP - 5.7%
          • Others - 22.2%
        • 1953
          • CDU - 45.2%
          • SPD - 28.8%
          • FDP - 9.5%
        • 1961
          • CDU - 45.3%
          • SPD - 36.2%
          • Others - 5.7%
          • FDP - 12.8%
    • Parties
      • In 1945 the Allies allowed the formation of political parties . By 1949, politics was dominated by two major parties the CDU and SPD
      • Christian Democrats (CDU) - conservative
      • Social Democratic Party (SPD) - Democratic-Socialist
      • Free Democratic Party (FPD) - composition of liberal parties
      • German Party (DP) - Right-Wing
      • League of Refugees and Expellees (BHE) - revisionist, nationalist
      • Communist (KPD) - Communist (banned in 1956)
      • Socialist Reich Party (SRP) - Pro-Nazi (banned in 1952)

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