Participation & Voting Behaviour- GP1

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  • Participation & Voting Behaviour
    • General Population
      • Electorate = Those people that are eligible to vote in an election
        • Voter Turnout = The percentage of registered voters who cast a ballot in a given vote
      • People who cannot vote
        • Children under 18
        • Migrants (You must be registered as a UK National)
        • Refugees
        • People with a severe mental illness
        • Prisoners
        • Queenie
        • Members of the HoL
        • People convicted of corrupt/illegal electoral practices
    • Electoral Participation
      • Voter Turnout
        • The turnout for the Gower in the GE2015 was 69.2%
        • Differences in constituencies depends on a variation of factors
          • Marginal/Safe seats
          • Media Coverage of a seat
          • Average age of a constituency
          • Local Politics
          • The affluence of an area
      • WHO IS MOST LIKELY TO VOTE?
        • GENDER: female
        • CLASS: C2 & DE less likely to participate than AB & C1
        • ETHNICITY: White
        • AGE: OLDER
      • Why voter turnout varies in some elections
        • Second Order Elections
          • E.G
            • By-elections
            • Local council elections
            • PCC elections
            • London Mayor
            • Welsh Assembly
            • European Parliament
          • People feel that these elections are less important, and do not influence their lives as directly
        • Apathy
          • 'elections don't matter'/ 'all parties are the same'
            • Can't be bothered to vote- the benefits are not great enough
          • General passivity towards political institutions
        • Hapathy
          • Happy enough with the way things are
            • Many attribute the low turnout of GE2001 with this- productive, growing economy
        • The Media
          • FARAGE
          • Influence specific constituencies
        • Decline in partisanship (Partisan dealignment)
          • No longer the strong 'pull' of loyalty to a specific party
          • 'My dad voted labour, I'll vote labour'
        • Other, more general things like the weather, or the availability of the polling station
    • Non-Electoral Participation
      • Membership of a political party
        • More than 500,000 people are now members of the labour party
      • If there is strong non-electoral participation, then generally the electoral participation increases
        • E.G. Labour and the rise of Corbyn
          • Sounds like an edgy band name
        • People are generally more enthused
      • Forming a pressure group
        • Green Peace
      • Protesting
        • E.g. Recent protests against Fracking
  • THINK: Little White Old Ladies
  • Differential Turnout = National turnout figure recorded at GE masks the difference in turnout by constituency/region
  • TO BE CONTINUED

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