Nigeria case study - social, political and environmental context

  • Created by: 15j.price
  • Created on: 28-02-19 18:15
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  • CONTEXT TO NIGERIA
    • social and cultural context
      • Modern day Nigeria was formed under 20th century British rule
      • Before the Nigeria was a country made up of smaller tribal kingdoms
      • Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960
      • Nigeria has more than 500 different ethnic groups
      • Each group has their own language
      • The lgbo, the Yoruba and the Hausa are the 3 ethnic groups that dominate
      • North of Nigeria (where Hausa live) are mainly Muslim
      •  South of Nigeria (where lgbo and Yoruba live) are mainly Christian
      • Rapid urbanisation in recent years has caused a shift in population
      • Rural-urban migration has broken down some of the traditional boundaries however ethnic identity still exists, even within modern cities
    • environmental context
      • In the north of Nigeria it is hot and dry so it’s a savanna grassland
      • In the south of Nigeria it is hot and humid so a tropical rain forest grows
      •  Much of the natural vegetation in Nigeria has been replaced by agriculture 
      • Moving north from the equator, the climate is drier which then determines the type of vegetation growing
      • Cocoa and oil palm are grown in the south
      •  Nigeria is located 5-12 degrees North of the Equator in tropical Africa
      • Peanuts are grown in the North
    • Political context
      • There is still conflict in Nigeria though
      • Since independence in 1960 Nigeria had civil wars (196-70) due to several military dictatorships
      • EBOLA OUTBREAK
        • Only 8 died in Nigeria
        • 11,000 died worldwide
        • Contained it with good healthcare and planning
        • In 2014 there was the worst outbreak of Ebola
        • This strategy went worldwide
      • The army ruled Nigeria until 1988 when a stable democracy was introduced
      • BOKO HARAM
        • Extremist organisation
        • In 2014 they kidnapped 276 school girls
        • At least 17000 been killed since 2002 in conflict
        • Over half a million have fled the region
  • BOKO HARAM
    • Extremist organisation
    • In 2014 they kidnapped 276 school girls
    • At least 17000 been killed since 2002 in conflict
    • Over half a million have fled the region

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