nigeria case study

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  • Created by: Mae0987
  • Created on: 29-05-18 14:35
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  • Nigeria case study
    • context
      • importance
        • global
          • contributes 2.7% of world's oil
          • 5th larhest UN contributor
            • large army for the country
            • peace keeping worldwide
          • highest GDP in Africa
            • contributes 2.7% of world's oil
        • regionally
          • large army for the country
      • culture:              nollywood- 2nd largest film industry
      • political
        • became independent in 1660.
        • used to be European colony
        • now democratic
      • social
        • christian and islam
          • tensions between north and south
        • tensions between north and south
    • industrial structure
      • primary (extraction of natural resources)
        • 1975- 69%
        • 2014- 30%
        • significant decrease but still a large source of economy
      • secodary (manufacture)
        • 1975- 10.4%
        • 2014- 14.3%
        • small increase
      • tertiary (services)
        • 1975- 20%
        • 2014- 55%
        • significant increase
    • importance of TNCs
      • trans national cooperation- international company
      • Nigeria- Shell is a large TNC
        • trans national cooperation- international company
      • positive impacts
        • shell has to pay tax to nigeria
        • investment
          • shell has invested $12 billion to LICs
        • majority staff are Nigerian (90%)
      • negative impacts
        • some TNCs use child labour
        • Nigeria suffer from oil spills
        • many profits not invested in host country
    • political and trading relationships
      • British Colony
        • no longer British colony
        • still mostly trades with britian
      • trades with surrounding countries such as Chad
        • still mostly trades with britian
      • organisations
        • OPEC stabilises oil price
        • African Union helps trade between African countries
        • UN helps keep peace
    • international aid
      • types of aid
        • voluntary: given by NGOs
        • bilateral aid: 1 country to another
        • tied: conditions eg- must buy from donor
        • multilateral: eg world bank
        • development assistance: paid by taxes
        • emergency: after natural disaster
        • development
      • Aid received- Nigeria
        • world bank gave $500mil load
          • immediately begin to develop
          • must be paid back
        • uk funded HIV programme
          • education passed on not AIDs
          • condoms expensive
    • impact of economic growth
      • environment
        • 80% forest destroyed due to logging
        • bush burning to make space reduces biodiversity
        • oil spills- cause fire and conflict in Niger Delta
      • quality of life
        • HDI 2005- 0.466
        • HDI 2013- 0.504
        • large divide between rich and poor

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