Migration and Cultural Diversity

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  • Migration
    • In 2001, 88% of the British population was White British
      • White Other - 2.5%
      • Pakistani - 1.3%
      • White Irish - 1.2%
      • Mixed Ethnic Backgrounds - 1.2%
      • Black Caribbean - 1%
      • Black African - 0.8%
      • Bangladeshi - 0.5%
    • Led to religious diversity in Great Britain
      • Christianity was the main religion in Great Britain
        • In 2001, 44 million people identified themselves as Christians, 72% of the population
    • Cultural diversity in family life
      • Only 39% of British born African Caribbean adults are in a formal marriage
        • Compared with 60% of White adults under the age of 60
      • African-Caribbean families have a higher proportion of one parent families
        • Over 50% with children are single parent households
      • 66% of 20 year old African Caribbean mothers remain single
        • Compared with 11% of White
        • Supported by extended kinship networks (Chamberlian and Goulbourne 1999)
      • Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities are more likely to live in old-fashion nuclear families
        • More traditional in their family values than Whites (Berthoud)
        • Children feel a strong sense of duty and responsibilty to their elder generations
        • More likely to be in poverty compared with Indian and White families
      • 33% of Asian families - mainly Sikhs and East African Asians - live in extended families

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