Martin Luther

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  • Created by: Tolu
  • Created on: 02-02-14 20:15
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  • MARTIN LUTHER
    • BACKGROUND
      • Born 10/11/1483 in Germany
      • At first studied Law
      • 1505 - joined a monastic order
        • He became a Augustinian Monk
      • 1507 - Ordained as a Priest
      • 1512 - Doctor of theology @ Uni of Wittenberg
      • 1510 - Disappointed in the abuses of indulgences in Rome
    • SOLA FIDE - FAITH ALONE
      • Justification by faith alone
      • Promotes individual relationships with God
      • Undermined the Church
      • God is merciful
      • 1510 - 1520 - Studied the Bible vigorously
    • 95 THESES
      • 31/10/1517
      • Sent to his Bishop, Albert of Mainz
      • Spread quickly through Europe - printing press
      • Centres on baptism + absolution
      • Rejected the validity of indulgence
        • Violation of penance + confession
    • THREE REVOLUTIONARY MANIFESTOS
      • "Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation" - August 1520
        • Appeal to Charles V to reform Church
        • Attack on the abuses of the Church
        • Dismissed power of the pope
        • "The priesthood of all believers"
        • Monastic life is useless
      • "Babylonian Captivity of the Church" - October 1520
        • Trusting  in God's mercyt
      • "On the Freedom of a Christan" - November 1520
        • Most revolutionary
        • Sacraments were fraud imposed by popes
        • Denys teaching of priests only receiving wine
        • Denied transubstantiation

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