Management and response to hazards

  • Created by: 12aatkin
  • Created on: 02-05-19 18:01
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  • Management and responses to hazards
    • types of management
      • relief
        • money and aid to areas experiencing disasters
          • dealing with and avoiding risks
          • supporting residents
          • rebuild the area
      • mitigation
        • reduce or prevent effects of something
          • hazard mitigation = after a disaster rebuild, recovery, stop future damage
      • prevention
        • actions to influence the way land and buildings are developed
      • prediction
        • e.g. seismology, info before an event to reduce impacts and risks
      • monitoring
        • data gathering and communication systems to help prepare and predict a hazard
      • rehabilitation
        • long term impacts of rebuilding livelihoods, introducing new economic opportunities and improving land, water management to reduce peoples vulnerability
      • integrated risk managment
        • assessment on past disasters
        • plans for short term risk and long term change
        • aim is to reduce loss of lives and livelihoods
      • reconstruction
        • follows relief and extends to approx. 2 years. aimed at rebuilding basic infrastructure and shelter to help people begin afresh
    • Park model of human response to a hazard
      • Park model
      • shows how the quality of life can deteriorate after a disaster occurs, and also shows the amount of time taken for the recovery of the quality of life. in some places this can improve (however this only usually happens in HIC)
      • STAGE 1
        • Normality, attempts made to modify the event before it happens
      • STAGE 2
        • The EVENT
      • STAGE 3
        • Emergency search and rescue
      • STAGE 4
        • Relief and rehabilitation including national and international help
      • STAGE 5
        • Nature of recovery is related to the need to reduce vulnerability and the need to restore normality ASAP
      • the line differs due to these factors:
        • the type of hazard (e.g. tsunami)
        • the areas degree of preparedness (LEDC or MEDC)
        • speed of relief effort
        • the nature of reconstruction
      • The model shows hazards have different impacts over time
        • Fluid time axis
        • shape of curve
        • shows how quickly quality of life can deteriorate and how fast it recovers
    • Hazard management cycle
      • model of the hazard management cycle
      • Preparedness
        • education and public awareness
        • EVENT
          • Response
            • speed depends on effectiveness of plan in place
            • Recovery
              • restoring the affected area to something approaching normality
              • Mitigation
                • Preparedness
                  • education and public awareness
                  • EVENT
                    • Response
                      • speed depends on effectiveness of plan in place
                      • Recovery
                        • restoring the affected area to something approaching normality
                        • Mitigation
                          • actions aimed at reducing severity of event
                • actions aimed at reducing severity of event

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