Living Conditions in the pre - industrial era

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  • Created by: mellis98
  • Created on: 10-09-15 10:20
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  • LIVING CONDITIONS
    • POLLUTION
      • household waste was put onto streets
      • the air had black smoke in it from factories chimneys
      • diseases occurred from overcrowding
      • 1832 - 31,000 peope died from cholera
    • IMPROVEMENTS
      • public health acts introduced eg. sewage
      • 19th century - towns built sewers & clean water supply
      • houses made with more care & thought
      • public parks & libraries created
      • new street lighting
      • 1853 - tax was taken off soap - cleaner people as able to afford it
      • Public Health Act 1875
        • banned open sewers
        • houses built further apart
        • rubbish collection introduced
        • public health inspectors
    • PROBLEMS
      • INFRASTRUCTURE
        • no regular garbage pick up
        • lack police services - 39 officers for 10,000 people
        • increased crime rate
        • overcrowded prisons
      • OVERCROWDING
        • 6-9 people in 1 room apartment
        • diseases spread quickly with some people dying
        • lacked medical care
        • no hot water avaliable
    • OTHER PROBLEMS
      • toilets were outside - emptied by soil men - some not taken away - contamintated water caused cholera
      • houses became slums - 17 people from dif families lived in area of 5m/4m
      • pressures on cities as many people move to find work - shortage of housing
      • factory owners built houses near work - no toilet or water - 100 houses share 1 pump - polluted water

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