Lifestyle Factors

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  • Lifestyle factors that affect growth and development
    • Alcohol
      • What is the weekly limit? 14 Units for both men and women
      • Health risk:
        • Cancer
        • Raised blood pressure
    • Smoking
      • Health Risks:
        • Cancer: Throat, Mouth, Food pipe (Oesophagus), Lung, Nose, Bladder, Stomach
        • Stroke
        • Arteries thicken
        • Damage blood vessels
        • Yellow teeth, skin and nails
        • Heart attack
        • Heart beats faster
        • Breathing problems
    • Diet
      • Malnutrition can occur if someone doesn't eat a balanced diet
      • Food proportions
        • Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta: 30%
        • Meat, fish and eggs: 10%
        • Sugars and fats: 5%
        • Milk and dairy: 15%
        • Fruits and vegetables: 30%
    • Exercise
      • Weekly amount of exercise:
        • Babies: throughout the day
        • Toddlers:180 minutes / 3 hours daily
        • 5-18 year olds: 60 minutes daily
        • 19-64 year olds: 150 minutes weekly
        • 65+ year olds: 2 or more days
      • Positive affect on P.I.E.S.
        • Physical
          • Tend to live longer
          • Flexible
          • Reduces weight
          • Reduces blood pressure
          • Improves strength, stamina, suppleness
        • Intellectual
          • Stimulates planning and thinking
        • Emotional
          • Reduces stress
          • Improved self-esteem
          • Increased confidence
          • Releases endorphins (makes a person happy)
        • Social
          • Develops teamwork and co-operation
          • Encourages friendships and socialisation

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