Learning explanation for substance misuse- Evaluation

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  • Learning explanation for substance misuse- Evaluation
    • Strengths
      • It can explain why different cultured tend to see the misuse of different substances, as people will be more likely to try a drug seen as 'cool' in their culture in order to gain more social reinforcement
      • Many drugs are known to produce a strong immediate effect which will positively reinforce use and help infuse a 'taste' for the drug
    • Weaknesses
      • Not everyone succumbs to social pressure to participate (e.g. in heavy drinking), so opeant conditioning cannot explain why some people resist social approval of drug taking
      • Some drugs produce unpleasant side effects when first taken which should put users off, yet many presist into addiction (e.g. nicotine)

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