Sociology Families and Households key words

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  • Key words Families and Households
    • Absolute Poverty
      • Inability to afford basics for life such as food shelter basic health care and warmth
    • Apollonian image of the child
      • Sees children as being born good but requiring the good aspects of their nature to be coaxed out of them sypathetically
    • Cohabitation
      • Living together in an intimate relationship without getting married
    • Bourgeoisie
      • The Ruling Class in capitalism who own property such as capital, business and shares
    • Confluent Love
      • Love that is dependent upon partners benefiting from the relationship rather than unconditional love
    • De-Differen-tiation
      • A decline in the importance of difference between things e.g. a decline in the importance of differences between age groups
    • Dependency Ratio
      • The number of people in non-economically active age groups - relative to the sizeof the population of working age
    • Dionysian image of the child
      • Sees children as pursuing their own desires, which can lead to them acting in evil ways
    • Dispersed Extended Family
      • Kin who keep in touch with one another but are geographicaly seperate
    • Dominant Framework
      • The most widely held and common sense view of the difference between childhood and adulthood which sees them as opposites and believes that children have not yet attained the key characteristic necessary to be full people
    • Empty Shell Marriages
      • Although the marriage continues, emotional attachment and sexual relationship has come to an end
    • Familistic Gender Regimes
      • Set of government policies which support traditional nuclear families in which husbands are the main breadwinners and wives do most domestic work
    • Heteronorm
      • Idea that all sexual relationships should be heterosexually based
    • Ideological State Apparatus
      • According to poulantzas, parts of society which encourage people to accept the values favoured by the ruling class and which help to maintain capitalist society
    • Illegitimacy
      • Children born to unmarried parents
    • Individual-istic gender regimes
      • Social policies which recognise and accommodate  individual differences  regardless of gender
    • Intra-generational
      • Within a generation e.g. between siblings
    • Matrifocal
      • Women headed family
    • Neo-Conventional Family
      • A traditional nuclear family with man and wife both in aid jobs
    • Patriarchal
      • Male Headed family- Feminists (Male powered society)
    • Sandbanham Husband
      • In Nayar society, a visiting husband, usually a warrior. Each women could have several of these
    • Secula-risation
      • The process whereby religious thinking and institutions lose social significance
    • Surrogate Motherhood
      • Where a women gives birth to a non-biological child - (Vitro fertilisation)
    • Welfare state
      • Agencies run or financed by the government to provide for the well being of members of society, such as education, health and social services


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