Kantain Ethics

  • Created by: hpalmer18
  • Created on: 09-01-19 11:38
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  • Kantain Ethics
    • Facie Duties
      • Duty is important to Kant- we must uphold certain duties to do good
      • W.D.Ross's
      • Prima Facie Duties- conditional duties that ought to be followed, e.g. gratitude, harm prevention
      • More flexible than Kant's rigid moral maxims, more situational
      • Kant says duty over emotion, you must be rational
        • Summum Bonnum- highest happiness
    • Categorical + Hypothetical  Imperitive
      • Hypothetical- an instruction, ought
      • Categorical- applied to morality, true unconditionally and should be applied without condition, priori
        • Three conditions: universibility, not using others for own benefit, imagining everyone completed this decision
      • Rational beings guided by maxims, principles and laws, in froms of commands or imperitives
    • Morality and Human Nature
      • Morality is objective, coming from duty and moral laws, an absolute neccassity
        • Derived from rationality, so being immoral is irrational
      • Agreeing with Plato- principles of morality are objective like maths, and both rationally demonstrable
      • Human Nature- animals, humans and Gods/angels
        • Gods and Angels have reason and are perfectly rational
        • Humans have rational thoughts and desires and reason
        • Animals have desire and no reason
    • Autonomy + Heteronomy
      • Heteronomy- state of being directed by others in our decision making
      • Autonomous will- no inner desires, acting freely and rationally. Individual deciding own moral laws
      • Heterononomous Will- unfree, morally constrainer inner desires. What you are told to do e.g. Church

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