Individual Genius, Medicine through time

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  • Created by: meg
  • Created on: 11-05-13 15:28
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  • Individual Genius
    • Alexander Flemming
    • Pare
  • Edward Jenner
    • Individual Genius
      • Alexander Flemming
      • Pare
  • Galen
    • Believes in 4 humours
  • Vesalius
    • 1749-1823
      • Edward Jenner
      • AD 129-199
        • Galen
          • Believes in 4 humours
      • 1510-1590
        • 1514-1564
          • Vesalius
          • 1843-1910
            • Robert Koch
            • Country doctor in Gloucestershire
              • Discovered that it was impossible for people who had cow pox to get small pox
                • Noticed that Milkmaids got cow pox, but not small pox
                • In 1796, Jenner took a small boy, named James, and injected him with pus from cow pox, James didn't catch small pox
                  • Discovered that it was impossible for people who had cow pox to get small pox
                    • Noticed that Milkmaids got cow pox, but not small pox
                  • Jenner named this vaccination, from the Latin for cow 'vacca'
                    • In 1796, Jenner took a small boy, named James, and injected him with pus from cow pox, James didn't catch small pox
                    • He noticed soldiers were dying from bacteria infected wounds
                      • Discovered penicillin
                        • The first antibiotic
                    • He noticed bacteria around the mould had stopped growing, the fungal spore had killed it
                      • In 1928, he found a fungal spore growing in one of his dishes
                        • Discovered penicillin
                          • The first antibiotic
                      • He called it Penicillin
                        • Flemming was unable to take his idea any further
                    • Used dyes to identify microbes
                      • Robert Koch
                      • German scientist
                        • Began linking diseases to the microbe that caused them
                          • Used a solid medium to grow cultures, and used high powered microscopes
                            • Began linking diseases to the microbe that caused them
                            • Identified the bacteria that causes Cholera in 1883
                              • 1882, he identified the bacteria tha causes TB
                            • Made the link between germs and disease
                              • Louis Pasteur
                              • Pasteur  proved there were germs in the air
                                • Made the link between germs and disease
                                  • Louis Pasteur
                                  • He sterilised some water and kept it in a flask that didn't allow  airborne particles to enter
                                    • This stayed sterile, but water in an open flask didn't
                                • He then noticed that after having the weakened version, they couldn't get the full version, 1877
                                  • Found the vaccine for chicken cholera, he noticed that the chicken cholera weakened when it was left out
                                  • He also found vaccines for Rabies and Anthrax
                                    • He then noticed that after having the weakened version, they couldn't get the full version, 1877
                                      • Found the vaccine for chicken cholera, he noticed that the chicken cholera weakened when it was left out
                                    • Barber surgeon
                                      • Stopped the use of cauterisation
                                        • Invented ligatures
                                    • Dissected animals but not humans

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