Medicine through time

last minute revision, everything you need to know for tomorrows exam, hope it helps :)

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Magic, Religion and belief in spirits played an important part in pre-historic medicine.

They face a lot of difficulties in finding evidence about pre-historic medicine; all of the
evidence we have is from the last 20,000 years, they use Anthropology which is looking for
comparisons between the two…

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Ancient Egyptian Medicine...
In ancient Egypt they believed there were many gods, goddesses and evil spirits , as most illnesses
had no obvious causes, they believed that some of these gods or spirits caused or cured illnesses .

Who treated the sick?

Sekhmet was a goddess who caused and cured…

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Egyptian Medicine part 2...
Ancient Egyptian religion emphasized cleanliness and hygiene, this led to practical
developments such a toilets and mosquito nets which prevented disease.
Ancient Egyptians also bathed and changed their clothes regularly and shaved their
heads in an attempt to stay hygienic.

Ancient Egyptian beliefs in after life…

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Pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt who was also worshipped as a God.

The Irrigation system ­ Egyptians built irrigation channels from the Nile to take
water to the surrounding land, it was important that these stayed clear, this is an
important link to their theory of what caused disease.…

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and cures rather than magical and mythical cures. These ideas were very important in the
switch from supernatural to natural forms of medicine.

At first women weren't allowed to train as doctors, one woman Hagnodice pretended to be a
man and trained to be a doctor, she was very popular…

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The Greek idea which mostly influenced Romans was the importance of staying healthy, To the
Romans it seemed much more practical to spend time keeping fit rather than spend money on
doctors for the sick. The Romans believed it was important to build their settlements in healthy
places near good…

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up tension and the big kept squealing. Then he announced `When I cut this nerve,
the pig will stop squealing'. He cut the nerve and the pig was silent. He proved that
the brain not the heart controlled speech; he also proved that the arteries, not just
the veins carried…

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to note the the different symptoms of small pox and measles. He wrote an important book: The
comprehensive book.

Abul Kasim 936-1013
He was the greatest Arab surgeon, and wrote a book on surgery containing advice on amputations,
fractures, dislocations, how to sew wounds & dentistry

Ibn Sina 980-1037 His…

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Main ideas and developments: However,
medicine became very professional around the end of the eleventh century. In the
tenth century the Law of Edgar allowed women in England to train as doctors, But as medicine
re-emerged as a specialised and high-status profession, it became an increasingly male job.
Increased contact…

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laver was kept clean and that there were plenty of clean towels and sheets.
The church set up hospitals for the sick. These had effective sanitation,
and concentration on providing clean and quiet conditions. However,
some of these hospitals were only concerned with providing care, not

The Black Death...…


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