- How did education change during the 1930's?
- There was a huge expanision of education both to meet the needs of the Five Year Plans and to help create new communist citizens.
- The Revolutionary educational theories and ideas introduced after the revolution were quietly put to one side as discipline, exams, uniforms and such like were reintroduced. Preference to students of a proletarian background was dropped.
- In 1930 primary education for all for four years was introduced. This was later extended to seven years. There was a heavy emphasis on vocational training, on science, technology and medicine.
- In 1940 fees were introduced for Higher Education. Thousands of new places for students were created - again with a strong focus on technical and vocational studies.
- Great emphasis was made on eliminating adult illiteracy, and on evening/after work classes for adults.
- Cheap books - the Russian classics as well as Soviet propaganda - were published in their millions, and communist newspapers like Pravda were sold very cheaply. Every factor would have its own library.
- School textbooks were constantly rewritten as the Purges and Show Trials took place. In 1938 one standard history textbook, apparently written by Stalin himself, had to be used.
Similar History resources: