Henry VII: What was England Like in 1485?

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  • What was England like in 1485?
    • War of the Roses
      • fought between two families - York & the Lancastrians
      • 1544 & 1585-1487
      • Henry VI - weak & nobles were powerful
      • unstable since 1399
    • Economy & Finance
      • lands owned by crown: regular income for the kin - began to decline
      • Income for England = a lot less than French King
      • Incomes from custom had declined
      • main export was cloth - sold to Holland
    • Government
      • parliament only called when king need money
      • King made all decisions
      • king relied on nobles - for advice & senior churchmen (privy council)
      • royal household looked after king
      • court moved with king - entertained & influenced him
    • England's position in Europe
      • Netherlands: important for wool trade
      • lost lands if France due to wars in 15th century - ruled Calais
      • Spain was becoming a majorpower
    • Monarchy in England
      • Richard III got thrown 1483 after Edward died
        • rumoured to have killed Edward's sons
      • Edward IV over threw Henry VI in 1461 & 1471
      • Buckingham rebellion: an attempt to remove Richard before Henry Tudor invaded
      • Henry VI ruled 1422-61 & 1470 - 71

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