Henry VII - Government

What was Henrys attitude to Parliament?
Believed all power derived from the monarch and that Parliament had to exist to serve him + keep his subjects under control, however only on Henry's terms.
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What was the Royal Council and how many men did it include?
Contained his most loyal supporters to give him advice + help with administration. It included 227 men.
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What did the Star Chamber (1487) do?
Prosecuted those that were rebellious + lawless. It contained members from the favoured 227 Royal Council, so could haul in every noblemen to account - also used as Court of Appeal.
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What did Henry VII require the nobles to do?
Depended on nobles to maintain law and order when they held estates.
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What three factors that established an independent nobility did Henry VII try to reduce?
Land, wealth and support.
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What was an attainder?
A special law passed by Parliament to convict of treason without a trial. Henry threatened this as a test of loyalty, meaning that the no. of nobles in this reign declined by 25%. Henry then seized their land (became largest landowner).
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What was retaining? And what did Henry do to restrict it?
Where nobles kept a large no. of men as staff, but also enforcers. In 1485 Henry's law prevented Parliament, Lords + Commons from retaining, + included nobles in 1504 requiring a license (or they were fined), but nobles distorted staff figures.
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What did bonds do and between 1500-09 how many nobility were held under bonds?
Used on nobles to force them into debt to Henry, to ensure loyalty. From 1500-09 2/3 of the nobility were held under bonds.
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What was the Council of Learned in Law
Offshoot of the Royal Council, it was learned men in financial matters to monitor nobles' payment of dues. Led by the feared+hated figures of Sir Bray, and Empson+Dudley.
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What was the difference in bond charges to nobles from 1493 to 1505? And how many noble families suffered?
In 1493 Henry levied 3000 pounds from bonds whereas in 1505 they were 35,000 pounds. 46/62 noble families suffered financially in some form to control them.
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What was the Justices of the Peace?
They were appointed annually from local landowners (several per county) + kept public order, implementing laws + giving justice. 4 times annually (Quarter Sessions) they decided on serious crimes.
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What was Wales government like?
Henry restored the Council of Wales + staffed with Welsh nobles, but overseen by his uncle, Jasper Tudor.
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What was the issue with Durham?
It was the furthest outreach of Henry's kingdom, he had limited control of the land by Prince-Bishop acting as a semi-independent ruler.
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Who did Henry allow control the North of England?
Duke of Suffolk controlled North England as he had no land or strong bases of support in which to rival Henry.
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Who controlled Ireland for Henry?
Lords were given status, but chieftains held the real power. They required loyalty to Henry, but Earl of Kildare's dismissal for supporting Warbeck shows not always apparent. Sir Poynings tried to reduce chieftains power in Irish Parliament = failed.
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How many times a year was the Star Chamber used?
Only 12 - Infrequent.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Royal Council and how many men did it include?

Back

Contained his most loyal supporters to give him advice + help with administration. It included 227 men.

Card 3

Front

What did the Star Chamber (1487) do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Henry VII require the nobles to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What three factors that established an independent nobility did Henry VII try to reduce?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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