Gustav Stresemann and his foreign policy

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  • Created on: 17-05-16 09:43
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  • Gustav Stresemann and his foreign policy.
    • His aims
      • He wanted to solve the problem of reparations in a way that would be beneficial for Germany.
      • He wanted to protect those German living outside her current borders.
      • He wanted to revise Germany's eastern border's and establish a union with Austria.
      • His long term aim was to restore Germnay's pride and her status as a great power.
      • Opposition
        • The right - wing, particularly th DNVP, did not support Stesemann's aims and policies, as they believed opposition to the Treaty of Versailles should be absolute.
    • January 1924 - The Dawes Plan.
      • In September 1924, Stresemann called off the policy of 'passive resistance' in the Ruhr, as he  believed this would increase the likelihood of the end of the Ruhr's occupation, which in turn would benefit Germany's trade and industry.
      • In January 1924, the Dawes Plan was then published.
        • The annual reparations figure was reduced.
        • The Reichsbank was reorganised.
        • Germany was to receive a large foreign loan of 800 million gold marks.
        • This deal injected cash into the German economy and allow the reconstruction of her industry to begin.
    • October 1925 - the Locarno Pact.
      • A treaty of mutual guarantee of Germany's western borders was signed, with Britain and Italy guaranteeing this agreement.
        • Significantly, Stresemann did not confirm Germany's eastern borders as permanent.
      • The demilitarisation of the Rhineland was reorganised as permanent.
      • A series of arbitration treaties were signed with Poland and Czechoslovakia.
    • April 1926 - the Treaty of Berlin.
      • The Treaty of Rapallo
        • This was signed by Germany and the USSR in April 1922.
        • However, Germany's involvement in the Locarno Pact was treaty with suspicion by the Russians.
      • The Treaty of Berlin reaffirmed the Treaty of Rapallo.
        • The treaty improved relations between the two countries.
          • It also encouraged the Allies to adopt a more sympathetic approach towards Germany through fear of the spread of communism.
    • 1926 - the League of Nations.
      • In 1926 Germany was granted a permanent seat on the council.
      • Stresemann could use this position to raise matter's of German interest and to influence the Allies.
    • 1928 - the Kellogg Briand Pact.
      • This was a non-aggression pact signed by 65 European Countries, including Germany, to eliminate war.
    • 1929 - The Young Plan
      • Once it became apparent that the Young Plan had not done enough to alleviate the problem of reparations, the Young Plan was established.
      • The total reparations figure was reduced to 25 per cent of what was set in 1921.
      • The annual reparations figure was reduced, whilst the time in which the full amount was to be paid was extended.
        • This decreased the likelihood of payment being fully implemented.


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