Gender Differences on Educational Achievement

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  • Created by: Sammye
  • Created on: 17-04-13 18:37
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  • Gender on Achievement
    • 6 FACTS
      • Girls better at all levels
      • Girls better in most GCSE subjects
      • Girls more likely to pass A-levels
      • Women more likely to go UNI
      • Men better at higher levels of UNI
        • Higher proportion get First Class Degrees/PhD
      • Gilrs - communicative subjects
        • English
        • Sociology
      • Boys - technical subjects
        • Maths
        • Physics
    • IN SCHOOL FACTORS - FEMALES DO BETTER
      • MITSOS + BROWNE (1998)
        • Teaching- feminised
          • Women likely to be teachers
            • Positive Role Models!!
      • Textbooks + resources less likely to stereotype girls
      • National Curriculum forced girls to do traditionally male subjects
        • Science
          • WISE (Women in Science and Engineering)
          • GIST (Girls into Science and Technology)
      • GCSE's include COURSEWORK
        • Suits girls better
          • Put in more effort
          • Are better organised
          • Can concentrate for longer
      • Swann and Garddol (1993)
        • Quality of interaction with teachers = girls achievement
          • Girls teacher interaction = help with work
          • Boys  teacher interaction = behaviour management
      • Jackson (1998)
        • Schools label boys negatively
          • Associated with poor behaviour
            • School gets bad name
            • Low achievement
            • Lowers league table position
          • Self Fullfilling Prophecy
    • OUT OF SCHOOL FACTORS - FEMALES DO BETTER
      • Equal Pay Act
        • More equal opportunities in society
          • Sex Discrimination Act
          • Changed values in school
      • Sex Discrimination Act
      • Leisure Time
        • BOYS= physically active
        • GIRLS= reading and communicating
          • Develop language skills useful for most subjects
      • Feminist Movement
        • Change in female expectations
        • More people aware of inequality
          • People more careful of
            • Change in female expectations
            • Negative Stereotyping
            • Sex discrimination
            • Patriachy
    • WHY BOYS UNDERACHIEVE
      • Identity Crisis
        • Female inependance
          • Don't see point in educaton
            • Rise in Male Unemployment
            • Decline of Breadwinner
            • ANTI SCHOOL SUB-CULTURES
        • Decline of Breadwinner
        • Rise in Male Unemployment
      • Interpretivists
        • Teachers have lower expectations of boys
          • Labelling
            • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
              • Distruptive
                • Untitled
      • Untitled

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