GCA & GCB

  • Created by: Ruthfeath
  • Created on: 17-05-18 22:04
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  • GCA & GCB
    • GCB (1650 - 1600BC)
      • Earliest graves were cist type - burials contracted, offerings not rich
      • 26 graves enclosed with low wall of rough stones - marked tombs out as specific group
      • One gold mask
      • 14 shaft graves
      • Scatter of graves appears disordered with variety of grave types with different orientations and no overall plan
      • Probably graves of several different family groups with a boundary wall that unites them - sets them apart as elite class
      • People in same grave bore family resemblances- probably belonged to same family
      • Family connections between graves - facial similarities
    • GCA (1600 - 1500BC)
      • New area chosen for richest graves before GCB went out of use - later included in citadel wall when it was extended
      • Same burial practices as GCB
      • Circular wall built c.1250BC - would have been earlier boundary wall
      • 6 large shaft graves with 7th outside later circular wall - reopened on several occasions to make additional burials, as fill of shafts contained scraps of gold from earlier burials
      • Wealth of gold and imported materials shows high statusof occupants - already indicated by separate burial area
      • Citadel wall later deliberately extended to include GCA - Lion Gate designed to bring people into citadel right next to burial enclosure
      • Much wealthier than GCB - increasing development & wealth of civilisation, extension of cultural contacts with grave goods suggesting contact with as far away as Syria
      • Suggestion that Schilemann added to grave goods from other sites to make work at Mycenae more interesting in 1876
      • 6 shaft graves contained 2 - 5 skeletons each - only II had a single burial
      • Also smaller pit graves
      • 5 gold masks found
      • Size of graves, wealth of grave goods quantity of grave goods and the gold masks suggest they were trying to copy the Egyptians
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