Carved Stone

  • Created by: Ruthfeath
  • Created on: 29-05-18 16:30
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  • Carved Stone
    • Techniques
      • The implements used for stone carving include the tubular drill, the saw and the chisel
      • A fast revolving reed supplemented by sand and water was also used when drilling holes
      • The term ‘Stone carving’ is one of the processes which may beused by an artist when creating a sculpture.
        • The term also refers to the activity of masons in dressing stone blocks for use in architecture, building or civil engineering
          • An example of this could be the relieving triangle in the tholos, the  dromos and in the corbelling of the tholoi
    • Lion Gate
      • There were several cuttings found in the gate and the walls next to it
      • There are 3 irregular grooves that were originally thought to have been made from the chariot wheels, causing these ruts
        • However they were in fact cut at a later date to help with drainage of rainwater from inside the gate
      • It was also covered with shallow cutting to prevent animals from slipping, added in either the archaic or Hellenistic period
      • The only Mycenaean features are two cuttings on the side of thegate that would have held the hinges of the doors
      • This is the only surviving monumental evidence for Mycenaean sculpture and is also the largest sculpture in the pre-historic Aegean
    • Postern Gate
      • The postern gate or North Gate near the North East side of the Mycenae citadel is a secret and secluded secondary gate which was used to launch surprise attacks on a besieging army.
    • Cyclopean Walls
      • The blocks were large and roughly shaped chunks of limestone with no mortar to hold them together but with small stones in-between the blocks
      • Other examples are found at Tiryns
    • Stone Vases
      • Rhyton
        • Made of soft stone in a variety of shapes and are decorated with low relief, popular in Crete in the 15th century BC
        • Many found in palace ruins and destroyed house in 1450
        • Some were decorated with gold leaf or cheaper versions of embossed gold plate like the vapeio cup
      • Harvester Vase
        • The harvester vase was a Rhyton with an oval bottom the lower part was made separately and has not survived however the upper part was well preserved
        • Shows a procession of 27 people, 21 carry hoes on their shoulders with willow shoots attached to the ends of the hoes
        • Mid way through the procession is a singer waving a sacred rattle
    • Sealstones
      • There is no real sign that seals were used on the Greek mainland until the sudden appearance of seals in the Mycenae Shaft Graves at the end of the Middle Helladic period
      • Perhaps almost all seals used on the Greek mainland in the Late Bronze were made in Crete. After the fall of Knossos, Mycenaean's produced the Mainland Popular group
      • Stone carving was common and popular. These 4 seal stones depict griffins, priestesses (similar to the harvest seal)
        • One of these seals shows a double headed axe which is a religious symbol
      • Similar to Minoan style carving
    • GCA Stele
      • Not many examples survive.
      • 13 Stelai in GCA during 16th Century BC
      • Shaft grave stele is one of the earliest examples of stone carving
      • In some places it is clear that, because it was so early the artists were not masters in the material
      • In this example there is a strong sense of movement, because of the spirals in the border and the mid-stab action
        • You could interpret this stele as either religious or secular as it isnot clear what the Mycenaean's thought about the afterlife


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