Flashbulb Memories

  • Created by: Sess
  • Created on: 12-12-14 15:46
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  • Flashbulb Memories
    • Evidence FOR their existence
      • Brown & Kulick (1977)
      • 1) Examined testimonies from 80 US citizens about a number of important historic events such as JFK murder.
      • 2) They found that people reported accurate, vivid memories
      • 3) They found that African-Americans were more likely to remember the Martin Luther King killing
      • 4) This lead the researchers to conclude that conseqientiality plays a role
    • Evidence AGAINST their existence
      • Are they really accurate?
        • A) Rehearsal
          • Neisser (2000)
          • 1) He argued that accounts of flashbulb memories are unable to be verified as accurate.
          • 2) He says it is possible such memories are just rehearsed more often but than doesnt guarantee accuacy.
        • B) Confidence
          • Talarico & Rubin (2003)
          • 1) They asked ppts about the 9/11 attack memories and everyday events
          • 2) They asked ppts to recall a day after, 1 week after, 6 weeks and 32 weeks after.
          • 3) The BELIEF of the level of accuracy and vividness of the memory remained high
          • 4) But the decrease in detail and accuracy declined as much as for everyday memories
    • What are they?
      • 1) Flashbulb memories are thought to be incredibly vivid memories that are of a moment of importance in a person's life.
      • 2) They have 6 typical characteristics: place, informant, activity at the time, personal effect, other's effect and aftermath.


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