Explanations of class differences in crime

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  • Explanations of class differences in crime
    • Functionalism
      • The law is a reflection of society's values
      • Crime and deviance are the result of inadequate socialisation
      • Modern societies with a complex division of labour have a diversity of values
    • Strain theory
      • People commit crime because they lack legitimate means to achieve the socially encouraged goals
    • Subcultural theories
      • The working class suffer from blocked opportunities to achieve success and so form delinquent subcultures
    • Labelling theories
      • Reject official statistics
      • Focus on how and why people are labelled as criminals

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