Examine the strengths and weaknesses of Reletivism and Subjectism as ethical theories

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  • Examine the strengths and weaknesses of Reletivism and Subjectism as ethical theories
    • RELETIVISM
      • STRENGTHS
        • Morality stems from social custom and moral judgments - thee are true or false, relative to the framework of the communitty
        • Conceptions of morality should be based on how people behave - not how society expects them to behave
        • Moral diversity is explained by the fact that moral beliefs are the product of different ways of life and are matters of opinion that vary from culture to culture
        • Moral values are grounded in social custom
        • There is no universal right or wrong way or behaving
      • WEAKNESSES
        • Moral goodness is simply a matter of popular opinion
        • The views of other cultures are only true for them
        • The morality of individuals tends to be shaped by their society, not the other way round
        • It is not always clear whether moral rules themselves differ between cultures and groups
        • Societies are complex and reflect many sub-groups and cultures (cultural relativism) so there can be no one agreed morality
    • SUBJECTIVISM
      • STRENGTHS
        • There is no universal right or wrong way of behaving
        • Subjectivism can adapt to changing cirumstances
        • Subjectivism can adapt to changing social and cultural concerns and view points
      • WEAKNESSES
        • There are no tried and tested answers
        • Subjectivism is based on opinion, which may be misinformed
        • There is no continuity or predictable outcome
  • A - WHAT IS THE QUESTION ASKING YOU?
  • B - BRAINSTORM SOME IDEAS
  • C - CHOOSE AN ESSAY STRUCTURE
  • D - ADD SOME DETAIL

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