Memory in Everyday Life

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  • MEMORY
    • The Nature of Memory
      • Long Term Memory
      • Short Term Memory
    • Working Memory Model
      • Strengths
        • Explains word length effect- Baddeley
        • Emphasises process rather than structure
      • Weaknesses
        • Central executive doesn't actually explain anything
        • Central executive is probably several components
        • Problems with evidence from brain damaged individuals (before and after comparisons)
      • Baddely and Hitch 1974
      • Components
        • Central Executive
        • Phonological Loop
        • Visuo-spatial Sketchpad
        • Episodic Buffer
    • Multi-Store Model
      • Strengths
        • There is strong evidence for the stores
        • Has stimulated a lot of research which leads to increased understanding
        • Deals with hippocampal damage
      • Atkinson + Shiffrin 1968
      • Weaknesses
        • Oversimplified
        • Processing is more important than rehearsal
        • STM is not independent of LTM
      • Components
        • Sensory
          • Composed of several stores-> eyes, ears, nose fingeres
        • Short-Term Memory
        • Long-Term Memory
    • Memory Improvement
    • Memory in Everyday Life
      • Further Research Evidence
      • Factors That Influence Accuracy
      • Cognitive Interview

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