Effects of institutionalisation- A03

  • Created by: MollyL20
  • Created on: 11-12-20 21:28
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  • Effects of institutionalisation- A03
    • Real-life application
      • The results of these studies have lead to improvements in the way children are cared for in institutions
      • For example, orphanages and children homes now avoid having large numbers of caregivers for each child and instead ensure that a much smaller number of people to play a central role for this child
      • Having people playing central roles (key workers) means that children have the chance to develop normal attachments and helps to avoid disinhibited attachment
      • This shows that such research has been immensely valuable in practical terms
    • Fewer extraneous variables than other orphan studies
      • There were many orphan studies before the Romanian orphans became available to study but often these studies involved children who had experiences loss or trauma before they were institutionalised
      • For example, they may have experienced neglect. These children were often traumatised by their experiences.
      • It was hard to observe the effects in isolation because the children were dealing with multiple factors which functioned as confounding participant variables.
      • In the case of Romanian orphans is had been possible to study institutionalisation with out these confounding variable, which means the finding have increased internal vlidity
    • The Romanian orphanages were not typical
      • It is possible that the conditions were so bad that the results cannot be applied to understanding the impact of better quality institutionalised care or indeed any situation where children can experience deprivation
      • For example, Romanian orphanages had particularly poor standards of care
        • especially when it came to forming any relationship with the children and extremely low levels of intellectual stimulation
      • This is a limitation of the orphan studies because the unusual situations variables mean the studies may after all lack generalisability


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