Wasteful World Germany Case Study

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  • Created by: Violet99
  • Created on: 04-01-16 12:25
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  • Disposal of Waste in a HIC: Germany
    • Landfill
      • In the 1970's every urban area had a landfill site
        • There were 50,000 across the country
        • By 2008 there were only 160
      • Since 2005 all waste has to be treated before it goes into landfill
        • Example: The treatment plant in Luebeck owned by The Group deals with 200,000 tonnes annually
        • The treated material has low emissions
        • Treatment involves incineration
      • It fills in former quarries
      • It is cheap
      • Land is used up
      • Rotting waste can cause problems
    • Recycling
      • 14 million tonnes of municipal waste is produced every year
        • 60% of this is recycled
      • 65% of industrial waste is recycled per year
      • Germany use the Grune Punkt emblem on recyclable products
        • Producers contribute the DSD to pay for collection and recycling
          • Any who don't contribute have to pay for all of their own packaging to be recycled
          • This costs the average family £100-£200 due to increased costs
        • Less waste goes into landfill
        • Waste has been reduced by 1 million tonnes per year
        • There are not enough facilities to deal with the hug amount of waste
        • It is difficult to enforce by law
        • It is expensive
    • Exportation
      • There are no reprocessing sites for nuclear waste in Germany so it has to be exported
      • High level nuclear waste is sent to countries such as France and the UK
        • Germany don't have to deal with dangerous waste
        • Less landfill
        • Contracts are expensive
        • Transporting it is extremely dangerous
      • Most toxic waste is also exported sometimes arriving in other countries labelled differently as it did in Albania in 1991
        • Germany don't have to deal with the waste
        • They get a bad reputation with other countries
    • Incineration
      • Many mini power plants operate locally off refuse driven fuel
        • Don't use fossil fuels for power
        • Owners receive money to incinerate and an income from the power produced
        • They are free to release carbon dioxide without rules
  • After 2025 all nuclear waste will be contained within Germany and countries can send reprocessed waste back
  • Producers contribute the DSD to pay for collection and recycling
    • Any who don't contribute have to pay for all of their own packaging to be recycled
    • This costs the average family £100-£200 due to increased costs
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantage

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