Geography Case Studies - Waste

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  • Created on: 11-06-13 18:26
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Geography Case Studies
Choose a High Income Country (HIC) you have studied. Explain how it
disposes of different types of waste (6)
Chosen Country: Germany
Germany disposes of its domestic waste by either sending it to one
of 160 landfill sites, one of 68 incinerators, or by recycling it. Landfill is
when waste is placed in holes in the ground, which is a popular option
in Germany as there are already holes left from quarrying so it's a
cheap option. Incineration is burning the waste. The heat can be used
to heat homes, which is a reason why Germany like this option.
Germany recycles 60% of its domestic waste and uses the Green Dot
Scheme, which involves a green dot being placed on recycled
packaging. Manufacturers pay for the Green Dot license, which is
more expensive the more packaging there is. This encourages
manufacturers to use less packaging as they want to save money.
Germany disposes of most of its low level nuclear waste at home, but
sends some of its high level nuclear waste to be stored in Siberia as
there is a lot of space there, and it's away from large populations,
making it safer.
Lastly, Germany sends its toxic waste to LICs such as Albania as they
might find a use for it (e.g. pesticides) and it saves Germany having to
spend money on disposing of it safely.
Carbon footprints vary between countries. With the use of examples
explain how level of development of a country affects its carbon
footprint (6)

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High Income Countries (HICs) tend to have a higher carbon footprint
than Middle or Lower Income Countries (MICs and LICs). For example,
the USA has 38 CO² per capita and is a HIC. The figure for China, a
MIC, is much lower a 4 CO² per capita, and Chad, a LIC, has just 0.1 CO²
per capita.
There are a number of reasons for this. For example, HICs have more
money to buy their own vehicles.…read more

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The Energy Saving Trust has recommended that energy efficiency
measures should be put in place in homes to reduce to the amount of
energy wastage. For example, double glazed windows can be installed
for £5000. Without double glazing 35% of the heat is lost through the
windows. With double glazing less heat would be lost through the
windows and so the heating wouldn't need to be on for as long, which
saves energy.
Another example could be having loft insulation put in.…read more

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The Eastcroft District Heating Scheme in Nottingham is an example
of a local scale solution to energy wastage. The scheme involves
burning 150,000 tonnes of waste a year in an incinerator. The steam
produced is then used to heat 1000 homes in the St Ann's area,
Nottingham Trent University and the Victoria shopping centre, as
well as generating electricity for 5000 homes. This scheme means
that less waste is taken to landfill and at the same time more
electricity is provided.…read more

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The money could be spent on a number of energy
efficiency measures, such as installing double glazed windows and
putting in loft insulation. This reduces energy wastage as less heat is
lost through walls and windows, so less heating will be used in the
home. In total, £1.8 million of funding has been provided to support
grants under the Warm Front Scheme.
The government also offers an 80% reduction on climate change
levy/tax to companies that reach their energy efficiency targets.…read more


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