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By definition, The EU regards it as "any substance/object whom the holder discards, intends to
discard or required to discard"
The UK classifies waste as;
o "hazardous" (waste that harms human health)
o "non-hazardous"
Waste comes from a variety of different sources;
Construction and demolition 31%
Mining and quarrying 28%…

Page 2

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CONSUMER SOCIETY-
More items are brought and are replaced MORE frequently
This means MORE PACKAGING that then is displaced
Throwaway society
LIC not only have less waste produced but the highest waste is different
Food waste is the biggest component (See Dhaka)
Less waste is produced in LICs because:
Low…

Page 3

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Paper & Board 16
%
Glass 8%
Plastic 8%
White goods 6%
Other 20
%
UK produces 10.5 million tonnes of packaging waste in 2007
70% was food and drink
Most of primary food & drinks packaging was dirty and contained residues from its contents
Paper and cardboard are mostly…

Page 4

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Trialing kitchen waste collection scheme
Scheme to encourage more people to recycle
Council improve recycling
Provide 3 refuse collections a week;
2 are for non-recycling waste
3rd collection is doorstep recycling collection or estate recycling collection which allows
residents to recycle paper, glass, cardboard, plastic bottles and aluminium cans. This…

Page 5

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Garden waste schemes have some households that do not have space to store a container, so
council is looking into supplying reusable garden waste sacks
The use will make service easier, using either sacks or bags for garden waste
No need to book garden waste collections in future
Large recycling…

Page 6

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CASE STUDY: GERMANY
Germany produces 60 million tonnes of domestic waste each year
Main Disposals;

LANDFILL:

Putting waste in hole in the ground
Covering the waste with soil or rock
Today, modern engerneering of land fill involves;
Lining and capping cells or compartments into which waste is compacted
Waste then…

Page 7

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RDF incinerators are exempt from Carbon emission laws, which were designed to reduce climate
change

RECYCLING:


Germany has VERY strict recycling laws
This means that the Germans in general are very careful with recycling and when doing it
properly
UNFORTUNATLEY-Germany's recycling centres can only deal with 1/3 of the material…

Page 8

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SOURCES AND USES OF ENERGY
Renewable fuel Non-Renewable fuel
Fuels produced from renewable resources Fuels that cannot be remade/regrown
Substitutes of fossil fuels They are formed from millions of years old of
"Biofuels" fossils (Fossil fuels)
Exist in a fixed amount gradually used up
Biofuels are made from any kind…

Page 9

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Western world farmlands consisting of identical
fields of single crops would affect habitats for
animals and wild plants




Energy surplus

countries that produce more energy than they use
These countries include MOST HIC countries

Energy deficit

countries that use more energy than they produce
These countries include MOST LIC countries…

Page 10

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CARBON FOOTPRINT= measure of impact on activities-
to the environment
climate change
Amount of greenhouse gases produced everyday*
Amount of fossil fuels burnt and used for electricity, transport, heating etc.



*Carbon foot print is measurement of greenhouse gases humans are responsible for producing
KG= CO2
Average World Wide Carbon Footprint-…

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