Wasteful World

1st topic in the sylabus. Enjoy 

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  • Created by: Chippy10
  • Created on: 27-04-13 17:44
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By definition, The EU regards it as "any substance/object whom the holder discards, intends to
discard or required to discard"
The UK classifies waste as;
o "hazardous" (waste that harms human health)
o "non-hazardous"
Waste comes from a variety of different sources;
Construction and demolition 31%
Mining and quarrying 28%
Industry 13%
Commercial 12%
Household 9%
Other 7%
We all produce waste. It increases so we decided how it should be disposed
Many different kinds of domestic waste
HIC typical domestic waste is;
Food waste (left over meals)
Fact: HIC produce more waste than LIC, typically 5x as much
Average weight produced in HIC is 400-800kg/person/year
Average weight produced in LIC is 100-200kg/person/year
When countries become more wealthy, people have greater demand for consumer products
Sam Chippeck 11PDA/GDS

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More items are brought and are replaced MORE frequently
This means MORE PACKAGING that then is displaced
Throwaway society
LIC not only have less waste produced but the highest waste is different
Food waste is the biggest component (See Dhaka)
Less waste is produced in LICs because:
Low incomes limit consumer purchases
Limited plastic waste (packaging)
Plenty of illiterate so fewer newspapers sold
Disposable nappies and single-use drink containers rarely used
Practical recycling because people can't afford to buy new products
In LICs,…read more

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Paper & Board 16
Glass 8%
Plastic 8%
White goods 6%
Other 20
UK produces 10.5 million tonnes of packaging waste in 2007
70% was food and drink
Most of primary food & drinks packaging was dirty and contained residues from its contents
Paper and cardboard are mostly widely used packaging materials in terms of weight.…read more

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Trialing kitchen waste collection scheme
Scheme to encourage more people to recycle
Council improve recycling
Provide 3 refuse collections a week;
2 are for non-recycling waste
3rd collection is doorstep recycling collection or estate recycling collection which allows
residents to recycle paper, glass, cardboard, plastic bottles and aluminium cans.…read more

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Garden waste schemes have some households that do not have space to store a container, so
council is looking into supplying reusable garden waste sacks
The use will make service easier, using either sacks or bags for garden waste
No need to book garden waste collections in future
Large recycling bins provided in three parks in Camden
This was thought to be appropriate
Operated together with organisation called Rewind Recycling
Camden used team of recycling advisers to encourage increased recycling in schools and housing
estates…read more

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Germany produces 60 million tonnes of domestic waste each year
Main Disposals;
Putting waste in hole in the ground
Covering the waste with soil or rock
Today, modern engerneering of land fill involves;
Lining and capping cells or compartments into which waste is compacted
Waste then covered to prevent the escape of polluting liquids & gases
Newer landfill sites have installed systems to capture and remove gases & liquids from
rotting rubbish
Recent years, Germany has been using landfill to get…read more

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RDF incinerators are exempt from Carbon emission laws, which were designed to reduce climate
Germany has VERY strict recycling laws
This means that the Germans in general are very careful with recycling and when doing it
UNFORTUNATLEY-Germany's recycling centres can only deal with 1/3 of the material collected so
they ship it to Denmark and pay for it to be recycled there
one of the most successful recycling initiatives
Originated in Germany and now operates in more than 20…read more

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Renewable fuel Non-Renewable fuel
Fuels produced from renewable resources Fuels that cannot be remade/regrown
Substitutes of fossil fuels They are formed from millions of years old of
"Biofuels" fossils (Fossil fuels)
Exist in a fixed amount gradually used up
Biofuels are made from any kind of living things THE MAIN FUELS ARE:
including; Coal
Plant material/Waste vegetable oil Oil
Wood, W.…read more

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Western world farmlands consisting of identical
fields of single crops would affect habitats for
animals and wild plants
Energy surplus
countries that produce more energy than they use
These countries include MOST HIC countries
Energy deficit
countries that use more energy than they produce
These countries include MOST LIC countries
How energy is being wasted;
Wasted in homes Due to carelessness
Examples of waste;
Leaving lights on
Leaving chargers plugged, after full battery
Electronic equipment left on standby
No…read more

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CARBON FOOTPRINT= measure of impact on activities-
to the environment
climate change
Amount of greenhouse gases produced everyday*
Amount of fossil fuels burnt and used for electricity, transport, heating etc.…read more


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