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A Wasteful World

5.1 Types of waste and its production

a) The differences between LICs' and HICs' waste production.

HICs produce more waste than LICs, due to:
o Consumer society
o Richer people, so more ability to buy more products and therefore generate
more waste.

20% of the world's people…

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o The energy saved from recycling a bottle can power a TV for 15 minutes
o Glass is not biodegradable
o Flint = clear glass
o Cullet = coloured glass

Cans & Foil go to the steel works in South Wales

o Cans are baled in Swindon
o 32,000 cans…

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65% of industrial waste is
Recycling produces heavy recycled.
toxic gas emissions, which
damage the environment. Buying recyclable goods costs
the average family between
Germany has problems £100 and £200 per year,
recycling all of their products which has been added to by the
due to the lack of capacity…

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Non-renewable fuels
o Coal
Relatively cheap to mine.
Relatively easy to convert into energy by simply burning it.
Coal supplies should last for another 100 years.

When burnt, it gives off greenhouse gases, for example, carbon

o Oil
Relatively cheap to mine.
Relatively easy to convert it into energy…

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Prevents free access by boats
Alters habitat of wildlife
Spoils view.

o Hydroelectric
Can provide an immediate increased supply to an increased demand
No fuel needed
Minimal running costs
Big impact on environment due to the flooding of valleys
Initial costs are high

o Solar
No pollution (although do use…

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a) How energy is being wasted

In 20 years, Britain's energy usage has increased by 20% because households
o TVs
o Computers
o Games Consoles
o White Goods (washing machines, fridges)
o Central Heating
o Cars

Britain wastes £740 million for energy per year:
o Stereo systems £290 million…

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Cost to install: £250 - £500

Tank insulation
Prevents heat loss by 75%
Saving: £30 per year
Cost: £12

High efficiency condensing boiler with full heating controls
Could save: £270 per year

External wall insulation
Save: £380 per year
Cost: £4500

Insulating hot water pipes
Saving: £10 per year

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7th April 2008 ­ people were asked to switch off at least one light
bulb that wasn't needed.
If 1 in 22 million households in the UK switched off a 110 watt
light bulb on the same day, it would save 4500 megawatts of


Mr A Gibson


Comprehensive - all the information you need to deal with questions about waste including case studies. Causes, effects and ways to manage waste in HICs, LICs and so on - like I say - it is all here!

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