DISABILITY IDENTITY

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  • IDENTITY
    • SOCIAL CLASS
    • DISABILITY
      • identity= shaped by disability (master status)
        • MURUGAMI: disabled have ability to construct own identity that accepts their impairment, but is dependent of it= see themselves as a person first and view their disability as one of their characteristics
      • MEDICAL MODEL
        • VIEW= disability is a medical problem
        • focuses on limitations (caused by impairment)
        • 'victim-blaming' mentality= problem lies with the disabled individual
          • SHAKESPEARE: disabled often socialised into viewing themselves as victims= creating a victim mentality// "can be the rationale of their own failure"
      • SOCIAL MODEL
        • FOCUS= social + physical barriers that exist in society (blames society's attitudes): eg. building designs
          • society= the disabling factor/society is socially constructed- created what's normal + abnormal
        • CAMPAIGNERS: prefer term 'differently abled'
        • CAROL GILL: Polio Surviver who became disabled (wasn't born with it)// "when you become a member of the group you previously felt pity for, you can't help but turn those feelings on yourself"
        • ZOLA: also disabled through polio/ says the vocabulary that disabled people use to describe themselves is borrowed from 'discriminatory able-bodied society'// 'deformed', 'diseased'// could lead to 'learned helplessness'
          • 'learned helplessness'= a cause of depression= don't believe you can be successful: not helping yourself at all
    • GENDER
    • ETHNICITY
    • SEXUALITY
    • AGE
    • NATIONALITY

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