Digging Poem mindmap Heaney

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  • Digging
    • lexis
      • field-specific lexis
        • "spade"
          • Suggests the persona stayed on a farm,
            • could suggest that Heaney had the knowledge to follow in his father's footsteps but not the passion
            • "Nicking and slicing"
            • "Turf"
            • "Toner's bog"
        • "Nicking and slicing"
        • "Toner's bog"
        • "Turf"
      • colloquial idioms
        • "Old man"
          • Proper noun,
            • connotations with affection and love - emotive
        • "grandfather"
          • common noun - but should be a proper noun
            • suggests less affection and perhaps respect for his Grandfather
        • "men like them"
          • third person pronouns
            • used to distance and detatch Heaney from his family
    • Discourse
      • seven uneven stanzas
      • half rhyme scheme
        • conflict in emotions
          • seven uneven stanzas
      • Retrospective
        • "digging"
          • middle stanzas
      • contemporary
        • "dig"
        • "rests"
          • 1st and last stanza
            • "dig"
    • Grammar
      • possessive  1st person pronouns
        • "my finger and my thumb"
      • caesura
        • "Under my window, a clean rasping sound"
      • monosyllabic declarative sentences
        • "Digging."
      • Enjambement
        • "My grandfather cut more turf in a day..."
    • Semantics
      • Semantic field of agriculture
        • "digging"
          • suggests he has knowledge of this
        • "spade"
        • "Nicking"
      • "Digging"
      • "old man"
        • linking to his father's old age and deteriorating health
    • Pragmatics
      • "Digging"
        • figurative meaning is digging into his memories
      • "snug as a gun"
        • simile
          • the noun "gun" links to writing being like a weapon
        • the replacement of "gun" to "dig" suggets a change in attitude and poetic voice
          • this shift means he wants to "dig" into his past through his writing and use it as a tool to connet with his father and family not as a point of comparison
    • Poetic Voice
    • Phonology
      • onomatopeia
        • "squelch"
        • "slicing"
          • Silibance
            • "squelch"
            • creates sinister connatations
              • used to express the persona's feeling of pain in relation to agriculture
        • "gravelly ground"
          • alliteration
            • negative imagery
              • used to express the persona's feeling of pain in relation to agriculture
        • "rasping"
          • "spade sinks"
            • alliteration
              • negative imagery
            • "soggy"
              • Silibance
                • creates sinister connatations

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