Deontological Ethics (RST4C)

  • Created by: megansw
  • Created on: 03-04-17 12:49
View mindmap
  • Deontological
    • Kantian Ethics
      • Immanuel Kant
      • consequences of the situation are irrelevent
      • 'ought' implies 'can'. All about good will and duty.
      • Favours an objective imperative (catagorical) over a subjective one (hypothetical)
      • Duties to Cultivate talents, of benevolence, against promise breaking and against suicide.
      • 3 Formulations: 1)all actions must be able to become a universal law 2) treat others as an end in themselves 3)act as a member of the kingdom of ends
      • The summum bonum is the reward for living a dutiful life.
      • Further developed by WD Ross and his prima facie duties.
        • Fidelity, reparations for harm done, gratitude, justice, beneficience, self-improvement and non-malificence.
    • Natural Law
      • Saint Thomas Aquinas
        • Influenced by Aristotle's ethics
      • 5 Primary precepts are followed by secondary precepts that are similar to the 10 commandments. E.g do not murder, do not steal, do not use contraception
      • Every rational human being has access to a moral guide that is written on the heart.
      • 5 Primary Precepts: Worship God, Ordered Society, Reproduction, Learning and Defend the innnocent.
      • Helpful for religious people as the teachings are mainly based on traditional testament teachings.
      • Further developed by John Finnis
        • Focuses on what motivates us/ why we do things. Actions should participate in one of seven basic goods.
          • Life, Knowledge, Friendship, Play, Aesthetic experience, practical reasonableness and religion.
          • Finnis adds a teleological twist.
    • Religious Laws
      • Divine command theory
        • Something is right or moral if God has commanded it.
          • Mainly based from Bible teachings and stories. Such as the ten commandments.
      • Similar to Natural Law in that it's mainly centered around religious teaching.
      • St. Augustine
      • Humans have the innate capacity to know the difference between right and wrong.
      • Conscience and God's grace make us virtuous. Gods voice comes to us through our conscience.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Philosophy resources »