Demographic Transition Model

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  • Created by: darcie_cl
  • Created on: 26-02-14 23:02
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  • Demographic transition model (DTM)
    • Stage 1
      • High fluctuating birth and death rate - unstable
      • Low total population
      • A few remote groups
      • Many children needed for farming, many die at a young age, no family planning
      • Disease, famine, poor medical knowledge
    • Stage 2
      • High fluctuating birth rate, death rate rapidly decreases
      • Increasing total population
      • Many children needed for farming, many die at a young age, no family planning
      • Improvements in medical care, water supply and sanitation
      • Egypt, Kenya, India
    • Stage 3
      • Birth rate and death rate falls
      • Total population continues to increase
      • Brazil
      • Improved medical care and diet. Fewer children needed
      • Improvements in medical care, water supply and sanitation
    • Stage 4
      • Low birth and death rate
      • Increasing total population
      • USA, Japan, UK
      • Family planning, good health, improving status of women, later marriages
      • Good health care, reliable food supply
    • Stage 5
      • Total population decrease
      • Lower birth rate than death rate
      • Germany
      • Family planning, good health, improving status of women, later marriages
      • Good health care, reliable food supply
    • Pros and cons
      • Simple to understand
      • Good to help future predictions
      • Many countries have not moved through each stage skip stages (one child policy)
      • Does not consider migration
      • Can be used to estimate population structure
      • Irons out major fluctuations e.g. natural disasters

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