Culture and Socialisation: Topic 1

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  • Created by: Caitlin G
  • Created on: 28-03-15 15:39
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  • Culture and Socialisation: Topic 1
    • Key Points
      • Human behaviour can't just be explained by biology
      • Feral Children
        • This shows us that it is nurture that makes us truly human
      • Culture
        • definition
          • "high" art
          • shared norms and values
        • provides symbols, norms, and values to guide our conduct and shape our emotions
        • groups can develop their own cultures
          • subcultures
        • many types of culture
      • Identity
        • can refer to the inner self, personal identity, or social identity
    • Key Terms
      • Americanisation
        • The process by which national cultures are becoming more and more influenced by America
        • also referred to as McDonaldism
      • Ascribed Status
        • A Social position over which we have no choice and is determined at birth
      • Achieved Status
        • A social position over which individuals have some degree of control
      • Consumer Culture
        • expression of culture through items bought by individuals
      • Culture
        • the values, norms, beliefs, and customs of a society or group
      • Globalisation
        • Increasing connection between countries and breaking down of national boundaries
      • Global Culture
        • norms, values, and lifestyle shared in every culture
      • High Culture
        • Used to describe the artistic tastes of the upper class
      • Identity
        • groups we do and don't feel a part of
      • Meanings
        • sense or significance of cultural experiences
      • Norms
        • social expectations
      • Rituals
        • Routine actions performed on special occasions
      • Role
        • set expectations applied to a particular social status
      • Subcultures
        • Groups who share many aspects of mainstream culture but also have certain beliefs, attitudes, and ways of behaving of their own
      • Values
        • General standards which are highly prized
      • Symbol
        • Things which stand for something else
    • Kluckhorn
      • describes culture as the distinctive "way of life" of a group of people
    • Elias
      • 16th century
        • little shame about bodily functions
    • Stritani
      • the media is largely responsible for the creation of pop culture in the contemporary UK
      • consumption plays a key role in popular culture
      • the world has become consumer orientated
    • Adorno
      • Marxist
      • Popular Culture is a way of socialising the masses into a passive and unquestioning state
    • Lury
      • 5 features of a consumer culture
        • wide range of consumer goods
        • shopping is a leisure persuit
        • different forms of shopping available
        • debt is a norm
        • packaging and promotion is big business
    • Ritzer
      • argues global cultures dominated by America
        • McDonaldisation
    • simpson
      • studies middle aged gay men in manchester
      • gay men took on different identities depending on where they were
      • more open about their sexuality in "homo-space"
      • hides sexuality in "hetero-space"
        • degaying

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