Culture and social structure, topic 1 I. S

Notes on culture and social structure for AS Sociology

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TOPIC 1: CULTURE & SOCIAL STRUCTURE
THE `SOCIAL' BODY ELIAS Chan gi
ng cul
tur
al
att
it
udes
Descr
ibes how i
n succeedi
ng cent
uri
es peopl
e gradual
ly
have
become
mor
e sensi
ti
ve
t
o SH AME and DISGUIST of
bodil
y f
uncti
ons int
ernal
ised GOOD
MA NNERS
CULTURAL DIVERSITY:
Wh at
is
recogni
se d
as `
normal'
be havi
our
var
ies
all
over
t
he wor
ld
.
I f
we di
dn't
l
ive
in t
he UK we would f
oll
ow di
ff
erent
cust
oms
and
li
fest
yles
.
B eha vi
our
is
fl
exibl
e
and di
verse
.
SHARED MEANINGS:
Hall Thanks
to Lan guage
that
peopl
e ar
e abl
e t
o c
reate
meanings
.
P eopl
e produc e
me ani
ngs t
ogether
over
t
ime and
each
social
gr
oup
bui
lds
up
shar
ed
underst
andings.
STATUS:
A l l
member
s of
soci
ety
are
given
a soci
al
posi
ti
on
by
cul
tur
e.
MUTLICULTURAL SOCIETY:
Gr oups
w i
th
dist
inct
ive
subcul
tur
eset
hni
c gr
oups,
cl
ass...
SOCAIL CONTROL me t
hods
emp l
oyed
to ensur
e people
comply
w i
t
h
soci
ety'
s r
ules
.
FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL c er
tai
n soci
al
inst
it
uti
ons gi
ven
responsi
bil
i
ti
es f
or soci
a l
cont
rol
.
INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL p eopl
e ar
oun d
us cont
rol
our
behavi
our
thr
oug h
nega t
ive
and
pos it
ive
sanct
ions
.
BERGER i
de nti
fi
e s
th e
mo st
common
met
hods
of
cont
rol
:
1. Physical violence
2. Economic pressure
3. Social acceptance
4. Socialisation

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SOCIAL STRUCTURE: Coll
ecti
ons of
soci
al
inst
it
uti
ons
in
societ
y.
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS:
S oci
al
rol
es ar
range t
hems el
ves i
n c
lust
e r
s,
each
havi
ng
a st
rong
connect
ion
SOCIAL ROLES: A
set
of
expect
ati
ons appl
ied t
o a
part
icul
ar
`SOC I
A L
STATUS'
.…read more

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