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  • Types of Crime
    • Crime against the person: e.g violence, assault, murder
    • Crime and Punishment
      • Religious Offence: this is where you break a religious rule, e.g blasphemy
      • Aims of punishment
        • Protection: where the public is protected from the criminal because of their punishment e.g prison
        • Retribution: where the victim can 'get their own back' e.g capital punishment - this can be seen as 'an eye for an eye'
        • Deterrence: where the punishment puts them from committing crime e.g public humiliation
        • Reparation: where the offender gets to pay back for what they've done. For example, community service
        • Reformation: where the punishment reforms the criminal and makes them into a better person.
        • Vindication: The law needs to be respected - where the punishment fits the crime
      • Prisons
        • People believe prisons are a good idea as they keep the public safe.
        • Some people believe prisons should be harsh places where you repay for your actions (e.g karma)
        • Buddhists believe in metta (loving kindness) and Christians believe in 'love thy neighbour' which suggests prisons shouldn't be too harsh
        • Elizabeth Fry was a Christian wanted to make prisons better places by reforming them
        • Some people say prisons are 'schools of crime' and make people worse
        • Parole: early release for good behaviour
      • Young Offenders
        • The age of criminal responsibility is 10 years old in the UK
          • Young offenders: criminals under the age of 21
        • In Judaism, the age for criminal responsibility is 12 for a girl and 13 for a boy.
        • When under the age of 15 young offenders go to a secure training facility whereas those between 15-21 go to a Young Offenders Institution.
          • These are places of rehabilitation and education, which religious believers like as they feel they build good karma
      • Other forms of punishment
        • ASBO: anti-social behavioural orders (stopping people from getting into areas and causing problems)
        • Electronic tagging: a tag on your ankle which tells the police if you aren't at home on time
        • Fines: charging someone for breaking some laws
      • Capital Punishment: the death sentence
        • Capital punishment is when the criminal is killed by the authorities for their crime.
        • It still exists in 71 countries including USA, Japan, Iran and China
        • The UK has abolished the death penalty
        • Arguments For
          • It protects us from the criminal so they can no longer hurt us
          • It is a deterrence and puts a criminal off crime
          • It allows retribution as the victims family can get their own back
          • Christians and Muslims both use 'an eye for an eye'
          • Islam allows the death penalty for murder, conversion to another religion or homosexuality
        • Arguments Against
          • The person might be found innocent later on
          • Two wrongs do not make a right
          • Capital punishment doesn't reduce crime in the USA
          • It is inhumane and can never be 100% painless
          • 'Love thy neighbour'
          • Jesus forgave his executioners
    • Crime against property: where you steal/destroy someones property (e.g vandalism)
    • Crime against the state: e.g terrorism or not paying tax, where you hurt the government


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