AQA Psychology Unit 1 Cognitive Approach

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  • Created by: chapa
  • Created on: 21-05-13 15:09
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  • Cognitive
    • Assumptions
      • Scientific, experimental methods to measure mental processes
      • Behaviour is a result of conscious mental processes
        • Investigate mental processes between stimuli and response
      • Humans are like computers
        • Has programmes to determine responses to certain stimuli
        • Stores and retrieves info
        • Humans actively organise info from the environment
          • Not just learning through association and reinforcement
      • Animal behaviour can't be compared to human behaviour
        • Against behaviourist
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • Scientific
          • Experiments
          • Can predict behaviour as it's based on theory
        • Practical applications
          • Therapy eg depression
            • Helps patient to have positive thoughts
        • Focuses on internal mental processes
          • Other approaches ignored this
      • Weaknesses
        • Takes complex behaviour and puts into input output device
          • Reductionist
        • Ignores individual differences and personality
          • Against humanist
        • Ignores biology
    • Use of Models
      • Memory model
        • Long term and short term
      • Computer analogy
        • Senses pick up info on stimulus
          • info taken to brain, brain processes it
            • We respond to stimulus
              • We are active processors
                • Not passive like behaviourism
    • Research
      • Neuropsychology
        • H.M.
        • K.F.
        • Clive Wearing
      • Looking at the brain
        • Broca (1985)
          • Cognitive processes changing with brain damage
      • Experimental
        • Quantitative
          • eg Gilchrist & Nesburg

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