AQA Psychology - Approaches to Psychology

What is Structuralism?
Any theory which aims to study the relationship among phenomena rather than the phenomena themselves, and the symptoms formed by these relationships
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What is the definition of classical conditioning?
Learning through association
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What is the definition of operant conditioning?
Learning through reinforcement
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What is the correct definition of imitation?
When an individual observes a behaviour from a role model and simulates it
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What is the correct definition of identification?
When an individual is influenced by another because they are in some way similar or wish to be like them
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What is the correct definition of modelling?
When someone is influential on an individual in some way, and their behaviour is imitated
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What is the correct definition of vicarious reinforcement?
When an observer learns by observing the consequences of another person's behaviour
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What was the aim of Bandura's research?
To look at how aggressive behaviour influences children's own behaviour
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What type of capacity does processing have?
Limited
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What is a schema?
A cognitive representation of our ideas about a person or situation
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Which psychologist carried out a study that demonstrates how schema are different for different individuals?
Bartlett
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Why does cognitive psychology use theoretical models?
It supports a scientific approach to enquiry and testing
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What model of memory demonstrates the theoretical model?
Multi-store model of memory
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In the computer model what is the brain compared to?
Central Processing Unit
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In the computer model what are the three stages in the sequence (in the correct order)?
Input, Processing, Output
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What is the correct definition of cognitive neuroscience?
The scientific study of the influence of brain structures on mental processses
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What is the correct definition of a genotype?
An individuals genetic make-up which occurs at conception and provides the genetic code for how that individual will develop (such as eye colour)
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What is the correct definition of a phenotype?
The product of what happens when the genetic make-up interferes with the environment (such as height)
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Which two nervous systems control the 'fight or flight' response?
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
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What is the definition of the endocrine system?
One of the body's major information systems that instructs glands to release large quantities of hormones directly into the blood stream which disappear quickly and have powerful effects
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What is the definition of a gland?
An organ in the body that synthesises substances such as hormones
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What is the definition of hormones?
Chemical substances that circulate in the bloodstream and only affect target organs
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What is the definition of the 'fight or flight' response?
The way an animal responds when stressed. The body becomes physiologically aroused in readiness to fight or flee
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What is the definition of adrenaline?
A hormone produced by the adrenal glands which is part of the body's immediate stress response system. It has a strong effect on the cells of the cardiovascular system
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What is the role of a sensory neuron?
These tell the rest of the brain about the external and internal environment by processing information taken from one of the five senses. They carry messages from the PNS to the CNS
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What is the role of the relay neuron?
These carry messages from one part of the CNS to another. They connect motor and sensory neurons
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What is the role of the motor neuron?
These carry signals from the CNS which helps both organs, including glands and muscles, function
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

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What is the definition of classical conditioning?

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Learning through association

Card 3

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What is the definition of operant conditioning?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is the correct definition of imitation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is the correct definition of identification?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

Berenicee

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really helpful resource

Jasmeet99

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iT helped a lot, than you!

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