Russian civil war

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  • Created by: sholen
  • Created on: 25-04-15 22:04
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  • Civil War
    • Whites
      • Aims
        • get rid of the bolsheviks
        • many different aims
      • Leadership
        • 3 main leaders
          • didn't communicatewith eachother
          • 3 different armies
        • soldiers were untrained
      • geography
        • didnt have a major city
        • spread out across russia
          • harder to communicate
      • half hearted foreign support
        • only weapons, no troops (tired from WWI)
        • uk, usa & france
        • made it easier for the reds to create anti-whites propaganda
    • Reds
      • Aims
        • place Bolsheviks in power
      • Leadership
        • trotsky
          • 50,000 ex tsar officers to train soldiers
          • conscription
          • propaganda train
            • battle at petrograd
          • war commissar threated soldiers & their families iff deserted
      • geography
        • grouped together
        • petrograd & moscow
        • control railways & factories
          • petrograd & moscow
    • War communism
      • cause
        • land &factories given to peasants/ workers but they dont know how to manage a farm/factory
          • production falls
      • towns
        • govt took control of factories
          • told factories what to produuce
          • old factory owners put in charge
          • strict discipline
            • no trade unions
            • work report cards
              • work hard get rations, don't work hard...
      • countryside
        • requisitioning squads seized grain (left peasants with just enough to eat) punished them for hoarding
      • results
        • peasants stopped producing large amounts of food
          • 1913- 80 million tons of grain ---1912-37.6 million
          • famine killed 5 million-- some resorted to cannibalism
        • money became worthless
          • goods were traded on the black markert
            • middle& upperclass sold everything
      • opposition
        • workers opposition
          • higher wages
          • more food
          • workers control of factories
        • kronstadt naval mutiny-- uprising by sailors
          • shocked the govt
          • 200,000 injured or killed by govt forces
  • NEP/ new economic policy
    • main features
      • grain requisitioning stopped
        • peasants had to give a fixed amount as tax to the govt
          • any extra grain could be sold on the open market
      • traders could now buy and sell goods
      • smaller factories especially consumer products were returned to their former owners
        • allowed to sell the goods they made and make a profit
      • larger industries e.g. coal, steel and transport remained under state control. some factories were allowed to sell their profits
    • successes
      • electricity introduced to russia
      • western countries now willing to trade with capitalist russia
    • failures
      • not communism
      • NEPmen made huge profits buying goods & selling them at a higher price
    • Civil War
      • Whites
        • Aims
          • get rid of the bolsheviks
          • many different aims
        • Leadership
          • 3 main leaders
            • didn't communicatewith eachother
            • 3 different armies
          • soldiers were untrained
        • geography
          • didnt have a major city
          • spread out across russia
            • harder to communicate
        • half hearted foreign support
          • only weapons, no troops (tired from WWI)
          • uk, usa & france
          • made it easier for the reds to create anti-whites propaganda
      • Reds
        • Aims
          • place Bolsheviks in power
        • Leadership
          • trotsky
            • 50,000 ex tsar officers to train soldiers
            • conscription
            • propaganda train
              • battle at petrograd
            • war commissar threated soldiers & their families iff deserted
        • geography
          • grouped together
          • control railways & factories
        • War communism
          • cause
            • land &factories given to peasants/ workers but they dont know how to manage a farm/factory
              • production falls
          • towns
            • govt took control of factories
              • told factories what to produuce
              • old factory owners put in charge
              • strict discipline
                • no trade unions
                • work report cards
                  • work hard get rations, don't work hard...
          • countryside
            • requisitioning squads seized grain (left peasants with just enough to eat) punished them for hoarding
          • results
            • peasants stopped producing large amounts of food
              • 1913- 80 million tons of grain ---1912-37.6 million
              • famine killed 5 million-- some resorted to cannibalism
            • money became worthless
              • goods were traded on the black markert
                • middle& upperclass sold everything
          • opposition
            • workers opposition
              • higher wages
              • more food
              • workers control of factories
            • kronstadt naval mutiny-- uprising by sailors
              • shocked the govt
              • 200,000 injured or killed by govt forces

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