ESSAY: Internal and External Policies of Stalin

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  • ESSAY: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL POLICIES OF STALIN
    • INTRO: -Socialism in 1 country vs. Perm. Revol.  -Leadership contest
    • Economic Policies
      • Collectivistion & Impact
      • 5 Year Plans & Impact
    • Terror
      • 1934 murder Kirov - start of Reign of Terror
      • NKVD eliminated enemies, many innocent killed
      • Estab. S as absolute master
      • Totaliarianism
      • country paralysed w fear
    • Propaganda
      • education
      • youth movements - little octobrists
      • media was state controlled
      • artists and writers forced to promote regime
      • Cult of Personality
        • architect of communism, gardener of human happiness etc.
        • Leningrad - Stalingrad
    • EXTERNAL
      • Kellog Briand Pact 1928 - needed peace to develop communism.
      • League of Nations - UK + Fr. too anti- communist.  -suspicious of show trials
      • Munich Agreement -  Sudentenland
      • Spanish Civil War - prolong war to delay invasion of USSR. -effective as drained Italy
      • Nazi- Soviet Pact - gave time to build army and prepare for war
      • WW2
        • tactics used by Zhukov won war
        • -orderly retreat + wait for Russian winter -Scorched Earth
        • Prop: 'The Great Patriotic War'
        • Defence of Stalingrad - greatest defeat for Germans
    • CONCL: -econ policies were vital in winning war
      • consolidated Socialism in 1 Country
      • Dictatorship wasn't Marx's communism
      • Stalin still admired in USSR

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