UK Population

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  • Changes in UK Population
    • Family size
      • Fell during early 20th century
      • Increased towards mid-20th century
      • Baby boom are WW2 - average of 2.46 children for women born in 1934
      • Expected to fall further
    • Population structure
      • Life expectency has increased from around 50 in 1990 to 77 for men and 81 for women today
      • In future, higher proportion of over 60's
    • Migration and ethnicity
      • Before WW2 - lots of German and Irish people migrated to the UK
      • After war, immigrants came from Soviet Union countries - Ukraine
      • Lots of people come from central and eastern european countries like Poland since they joined the EU in 2004
        • A8 countries
    • Social Status
      • Middle class is growing as number of people in higher education increases
        • Increase in average wage
        • Increase in higher-class activities e.g. skiing holidays
    • NHS established (1948) - health care increased - life expectancy increases
    • Increasing A-level and university take up - more jobs in tertiary sector
    • Periods of global recession (great depresion 1929) - less money - can't afford children - birth rate decreases


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