Causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash

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  • Causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash
    • Causes:
      • There were too many goods being made and not enough people to buy them.
      • Farmers had produced too much food in the 1920s, so prices for their produce became steadily lower.
      • There were too many small banks - these banks did not have enough funds to cope with the sudden rush to take out savings (Autumn 1929)
      • Too much speculation on the stock market. The middle class had a lot to lose.
      • America had lent huge sums of money to European countries. When the stock market collasped, they suddenlt recalled those loans. This had a devastating impact on the European economy.
        • The collaspe of European banks caused a general world financial crisis
    • Consequences:
      • From late 1929 to 1930, around 700 banks closed. By mid 1932 around 5000 banks had folded, losing over $3 billion of deposits.
      • The price of goods continued to fall. From 1929 to 1931 industrial production dropped by a third. Wages fell and workers were laid off.
      • 9% of workers, about 4.7 million, were unemployed by 1930. by 1933 a quarter of the workforce, about 13 million were unemployed.
      • The depression caused poverty which led to undernourishment
      • Thousands were homeless. Some of them built shanty towns to live in. These were nicknames Hoovervilles after President Hoover.
      • Many moved to seek work. Some fathers abandoned their families to search for work.
      • Marriages were delayed and the birth rate fell.



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