History Revision Notes

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  • Created by: Anna Gray
  • Created on: 22-04-13 19:31
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Anna Gray
What was the impact of the Weimar period on the rise of the Nazis?
What were the problems of the Weimar Republic?
On the 11th November 1918 the First World War ended and Germany signed
an armistice
Many people saw this as a betrayal of the German Army and did not truly
believe that they had actually been defeated- felt like they had been stabbed
in the back
The politicians who signed the treaty became known as the November
It was decided that it was too dangerous to meet in Berlin so began to have
meetings in Weimar- this is why the new republic was so named
The most important result of the January election was proportional
representation so the government would have to form lots of coalitions
Things did not go well and they were criticised for creating a weak system of
Weimar was hated by communists, socialists and all people who had a part
in the old government
They made a deal with the army so that they would be protected from the
threat of revolution and this meant that they became dependent on the army
This was seen to weaken the republic
It wasn't until 28th June 1919 that the Treaty ending the War was signed-
people were shocked at the terms
Germany lost 13% of its land and about
6,000,000 citizens were put into other countries
The harshest term was the War Guilt Clause
which stated that Germany had to accept full
blame for starting the war
The Weimar government announced that they
could not pay the reparations and the value of
the German currency fell and they ended up in
This led to the occupation of the Ruhr by the French troops
When the confidence in the mark fell, inflation became hyperinflation which
further humiliated the Weimar Government
Stresemann became chancellor and he began to steady things- introduced a
new currency called the Rentenmark and along with loans from the USA, the
currency was sorted out- became the Reichsmark
The Dawes Plan loaned money to the USA and helped make payments more

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Anna Gray
Further changes came to the Further changes came to the Young Plan which
meant that payments were reduced and more time was given to pay them
How did the Nazi Party develop, 1920-23?
In 1919 Anton Drexler founded the German Workers
Party (DAP) in Munich
It was a right wing party but also had some socialist
ideas like wanting a socialist government
Hitler went to a meeting in September 1919 and he
make a powerful comment so Drexler asked him to
join…read more

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Anna Gray
The trial began in February 1924 and lasted a month, giving Hitler the
worldwide support that he wanted
He was found guilty and sentenced to 5 years but only served 9 months
While he was in prison, he wrote Mein Kampf and was allowed to see as
many people as he wanted and received lots of mail
How did the Nazi Party change, 1924-29?
Although the Nazi party had been banned, it had
survived whilst Hitler was in prison
When he was released,…read more

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Anna Gray
What was the impact of the Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression?
By 1929 almost all of Germany had experienced a lot of prosperity- loans
from the USA had helped to remove inflation and there had been a lot of
investment for industry
This all depended on the USA and so when the stock market collapsed in
October 1929, there were lots of problems for the
German economy
The death of Stresemann also didn't help- people
felt the only person who could…read more

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Bruning called an election hoping to secure a majority for his party but the
Wall Street Crash disrupted it as it had affected all classes
This meant that people were looking to extremist parties such as the Nazis
for help and the Nazis reacted with what the people wanted to hear
Hitler blamed the Jews for what was going on, saying:
They were involved with communism but also the evils of
They helped cause unemployment
They conspired Germanys defeat in the war…read more

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Anna Gray
How did the events of July 1932 to January 1933 bring Hitler to power?
Hitler had been successful in the presidential elections in March and April
1932- now the leader of the second largest party in the Reichstag
When an election was called for 31st July 1932 the Nazis were
optimistic that they would improve their result
There was much violence leading up to the election and
about 100 people were killed and more than 1125 were
More people voted than ever…read more

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It was soon clear that von Papen's claim would be wrong
Hitler called a general election for 5th March hoping that it would give him a
clear majority so he didn't have to have von Papen with him at all times
Violence and terror were again seen in the lead up to the election and there
were about 70 deaths
Hitler received large amounts of money in the weeks leading
up to voting day to help him have his campaign
With access to…read more

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In January 1934 Hitler centralised the country for the first time since its
creation in 1871…read more


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