Case Study: Low Income Country ( LIC): Haiti 2010: Completed

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  • Created by: Janelle M
  • Created on: 06-06-18 13:53
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  • Case study: Low income country (LIC): Haiti 2010
    • What happened?
      • On 12 January, a 7.0 earthquake struck Port-au-Prince, Haiti
      • The earthquake occurred on a convergent plate boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates
      • The focus was only 12.87 km deep and the epicentre was just 25.75 km from the capital, port-au-Prince
    • Effects
      • Primary
        • 220,000 people were killed
        • 300,000 people were injuried
        • The main port was badly damaged
        • Eight hospitals collasped
        • 100,000 houses were destroyed and 200,000 were damaged
        • 1.3 million people became homeless
      • Secondary
        • 2 million people were left without food and water
        • Frequent power cuts occurred
        • Crime increased - looting became a problem and sexual violence escalated
        • People moved into temporary shelters
        • By November 2010 there were outbreaks of chloera
    • Responses
      • Short-term
        • Crucial aid was slow to arrive due to the damaged port
        • USA sent rescue teams and 10,000 troops
        • Bottled water and purification tablets were provided
        • 235,000 people were moved to less-damaged cities away from Port-au-Prince
        • The UK government donated £20 million
      • Long-term
        • Haiti was dependent on overseas aid
        • New homes were built to a higher standard although the response was slow. 1 year after the earthquake, over 1 million people were still living in temporary shelters
        • The port needed rebuilding which required a large amount of investment

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