C1 - Approaches Summary

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  • Behaviourist
    • C1 - Approaches Summary
      • Cognitive
        • - Concerned with internal processes
        • - Looks at how thoughts, and beliefs shape our behaviour
        • 1. The Computer Analogy - we input tinformation, store it, and then re-load it
        • 2. Internal Mental Processes - how we receive and process information affects how we behave
          • 1. How a person is perceived will determine whether a relationship with them is desirable or not. If you view someone as being rude or aggressive for example, you won't want to form a romantic relationship with them.
        • 3. Schemas - imaginery building blocks of knowledge that represent aspects of the world. They help us to provide short cuts to identifying things
          • 2. The Halo Effect - we see attractive people as having better personality traits than less attractive people. This means we prefer to form friendships for example with more attractive people as they will supposedly be more intelligent, caring etc.
      • Biological
        • - Concerned solely with genetics and our physiology
        • - Nothing is environmental
        • 1. Different parts of the brain have different functions -
        • 2. Behaviour can be explained in terms of neurotransmitters - electrical impulses in the brain cause certain behaviours
          • 1. Serotonin is associated with pleasure, so being in a romantic relationship with someone will release serotonin, making the person feel joy
        • 3. Behaviour is influenced by evolution - our environments shape the way we evolve, which means people in different areas may behave differently
          • 2. Women prefer to form romantic relationships with people who have better "survival" traits, e.g. health, stable income, strong sperm. Infers that their children will be strong as well.
      • Psychodynamic
        • - Concerned with the unconscious part of our mind
        • - Our unconscious mind influences how we behave
        • 1. Behaviour is influenced by different levels of consciousness - we have 3 parts of our mind: conscious, pre-concious, unconscious
        • 2. We have a tripartite personality - the ID, the Ego & the Superego which influence our behaviour
        • 3. The influence of childhood experiences - a child's psychosexual development can affect how they behave  in adult life
        • 1. The idea of relationships may bring up bad memories for someone. In these cases ego defence mechanisms  may be used to reduce anxiety. These mechanisms can alter a person's personality which can affect a person's ability to form romantic relationships with people.
        • 2. Fixations experienced as a child can cause a person's personality to change if they are repressed too much. This could mean that when it comes to finding a partner, a certain person may act irrationally.
    • - We are a product of our environment
    • - There are no thought processes
    • - Concerned with stimuli and response
    • 1. We learn through conditioning
      • Classical conditioning - learn through association
      • Operant conditioning - learn through reinforcement & punishment
    • 2. Humans & animals learn in the same way - we learn more complex behaviours but still learn them in similar ways
    • 3. We are all born as blank slates - every behaviour we produce is therefore learnt
    • 1. Operant Conditioning - We view relationships as being rewarding as we gain things from the other person (knowledge, care etc). Means we want to form romantic relationships with people as we see them as being gratifying because they can make us better people.
    • 2. Classical Conditioning - We see our role models in romantic relationships and they show feelings of happiness etc. We then associate relationships with feelings of fulfillment and joy and we therefore want to be in romantic relationships as they will bring us satisfaction.

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