Bolshevik consolidation of power

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  • Created on: 12-05-15 12:35
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  • Bolshevik consolidation of power
    • Lenin and his leadership.
      • Used propaganda to spread ideas.
      • Pragmatic approach to policies.
        • Was communist realist.
          • Couldn't impose full ideological vision immediately.
          • Shown in his economic policies like the NEP
      • Could impose his own views .
        • Convinced peers and followers to accept his own policies.
        • Even if they broke tradition.
          • Unwavering belief communism was right.
            • Ruthless if necessary.
              • Red Terror controlled people through fear.
          • To alter the traditional Marxist progression of society.
            • Became known as Leninism.
      • Kept public appeal when possible.
        • Kept initial promises.
      • Adjusted to different situations.
        • Changed from War Communism to NEP.
        • Reacted to power threats.
          • Dissolved the constituent assembly.
    • Economy
      • Policies showed retaining power was priority.
        • War communism, requisitioning, output based rationing.
          • Enabled production to boost red army progress against enemies.
      • Pragmatic/ Realist
        • Small concessions to preserve civilian support.
          • State capitalism saw some privatisation.
          • Peasants able to sell some grain privately.
        • NEP was partially capitalist to restore economy.
        • NEP prompted by Krontsdat.
        • Step by step approach.
          • Mixed communism with capitalism.
    • Society
      • Delivered promises early on.
        • Land decree and Treat of Brest Litovsk
      • NEP appeased public after war communism
      • Censorship
      • Control through terror and fear.
        • Red terror
          • Failure to support regime were sent o gulags, imprisoned or executed.
        • Cheka
          • Arrested opponents.
          • Encouraged informants.
          • Responsible for 300,000 deaths.
        • Heavy taxes on church.
          • Limiteed funds resources and power.
        • Class warfare, between workers, armed forces, and bourgeoisie.
          • Silenced liberals and right wing.
    • Political strategy.
      • Removal of opposition/ political parties.
        • Constituent assembly dissolved.
          • SR's won 410 seats, Bolsheviks 175.
      • One party state.
      • Red terror
        • Gulags
        • Exile
        • Show trails.
        • Political opponents were executed.
          • Made an example of.
        • Press censored.
      • Changed system of governments to suit Bolsheviks.
        • No factions
        • Lenin was head of state no other political leadership opposition.
        • Once a decision was made it had to be followed.
          • Sovnarkom and Politburo worked towards the same aims.
    • Military
      • Red guard used in October 1917 was very loyal and Kronstadt sailors formed its core.
      • Won civil war strengthened loyalty and won support.
        • Were effective because of Trotsky's leadership.
          • Strict ranks
          • Harsh discipline.
          • Death penalty.
          • Re introduced Tsarist officers.
            • Threatened their families
      • Recruits rose to 5 million in 1920.

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