How were the Bolsheviks able to consolidate their power in the years 1917-24?

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How were the Bolsheviks able to consolidate their power in the years 191724?
Introduction
The Bolsheviks were able to consolidate their power in the years of 191724
Opposition ,policies ,civil war, leadership/control, terror
Opposition
During the years 191724 opposition was rife especially when it came to the civil war however the
opposition had serious weakness which allowed the Bolsheviks to consolidate their power.) Lack of
unified opposition The Provisional Government were powerless to the Bolsheviks
Ban of fractions
The vastness of Russia and its ability for subsist in spite of the international blockade
In January 1918 Lenin closed down the constituent assembly they only had 175 seats in the
assembly compared to the 370 of the other Social Revolutionaries
Used methods of terror to crush all oppositionThe government took over factories, farms, and other
means of production and tried to suppress religion.
Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries found it difficult to public their newspapers
1921 all other parties banned single ideology
1922 arrests of SRs and Menshevik supporters Control over the communication of political ideas
Destruction of trade unions
Policies
The quality of the Bolshevik's policies allowed them to gain support and control the Russian
population.
Peace, Bread and Land Ending Russia's involvement in WW1 and ensuring that peasants had
greater rights in keeping hold of their land.(peasants made up 80% of Russia at this time.)
New economic policy gave small businesses rights attempted to reorganize society and the
economy in an effort to help sustain its forces in the civil war and to build Communism in general
The central nature of control, of which could requisite grain and suppress opposition,
Victory in the civil war
The Bolsheviks seized their power easily after winning the civil war showing that they could be in charge.
They were united and had one cause: to defeat the Whites.
The Whites, on the other hand, were disunited, with differing ambitions. For instance, the
reasons for the former Tsarists fighting were different to that of the foreigners.
Foreign intervention was ineffective. Soldiers had just returned from WW1 action ­ left after war
was over
Whites scattered all over place, while Reds had access to the most productive of places in
country.
Leadership skills of Lenin and, in particular, Trotsky rewarded red army with cigarettes= like
him= more likely to want to fight
They had control of central Russia so they control Moscow and have a lot of factories to make
weapons for them
Support
Majority of votes were in Moscow and Petrograd & Army backed them up
" Peace, Bread and Land" allowed them to gain much popularity during the war
One of the only political parties who wanted to end the war = more support
Leadership/Control
The Bolsheviks had strong leadership from Lenin and Trotsky which helped them to stay focused and
consolidate power.

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Bolshevik spirit which fostered in many a belief they were making a greater society for the
future, hence making people willingly suffer more onerous conditions,
The ability to blame a portion of the problems on WW1
Lenin's personality cult, because Tsarism was nearly equally dismal and despotic.…read more

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