August coup of 1991

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  • August Coup 1991
    • Causes
      • Problems with Nationalities
      • Conflict between Yeltsin and Gorbachev
        • Yeltsin was a more radical reformer than Gorbachev
      • Split between radicals and conservatives in the party
    • Yeltsin
      • Resigned from the Party at June 1990 Congress
    • 1990 Election
      • Gorbachev elected president and General secretary
      • Public started to dislike Gorbachev
        • He said that the election would be a public election where as it was only members of the party who could vote
      • Yeltsin elected chairman of Supreme Soviet of Russia
    • Gorbachev Vs. Yeltsin
      • Gorbachev had a law passed declaring a state of emergency
        • Gave him great power
        • Increased power of the KGB
      • Yeltsin demanded a new Government where he and Gorbachev shared power
    • Gorbachev's actions after the coup
      • Televised parliament
        • 23rd August 1991
      • Gorbachev filled Government vacancies with conservatives who didn't oppose the coup
      • Held a press conference the next day
        • Expressed continued faith in Communist Party
      • Stayed the night in his Moscow flat
        • Should have thanked Yeltsin and Parliament for releasing him
      • Gorbachev had to approve Yeltsin's decreed issued during the coup and accepted the Russian Government had equal status to himself
    • The party's response to Gorbachev's actions
      • Gorbachev criticised at televised Parliament session for not giving enough credit to Yeltsin for his release
      • Yeltsin handed the minutes to Gorbachev that showed all but one of Gorbachev's cabinet had supported the coup
      • Yeltsin disbanded the KGB
      • Supreme Soviet banned all activities by the Communist Party
      • Seized all party buildings
      • Supreme Soviet suspended operations of the other Communist Parties in the USSR
      • Yeltsin suspended the operations of the Communist Party
        • 23rd August 1991
  • Gorbachev's power weakened
    • Lack of drive within the Party
    • Communist party was losing members
    • 1990 Election
      • Gorbachev elected president and General secretary
      • Public started to dislike Gorbachev
        • He said that the election would be a public election where as it was only members of the party who could vote
      • Yeltsin elected chairman of Supreme Soviet of Russia
  • Gorbachev struggled to hold the union together
    • Came under attack from the Federation
    • Gorbachev Vs. Yeltsin
      • Gorbachev had a law passed declaring a state of emergency
        • Gave him great power
        • Increased power of the KGB
      • Yeltsin demanded a new Government where he and Gorbachev shared power
    • Radicals from Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia formed a coalition in support of Yeltsin
  • CIS
    • Commonwealth of Independent States
    • Formed December 1991
    • 1922 treaty forming the USSR was formally cancelled
    • Agreed on unitary control of nuclear weapons

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