Timeline of the Cold War: 1945 - 1991

Timeline with key dates from 1945 to 1991. Mainly from the Edexcel A2 textbook 'A World Divided: Superpower relations 1944 - 1990' but with other events from my own notes/research. Please let me know if I've missed any key events!

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 05-03-15 18:47
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Timeline of the Cold War: 1945 ­ 1991
1945 February Yalta Conference
8th May VE Day (end of Second World War)
17 July ­ 2nd
Potsdam Conference
6th August Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
8 August Russia declares war on Japan
9 August Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
14th August Japanese surrender
2September VJ Day (end of war against Japan)
5th March Churchill gives `Iron Curtain' speech at Fulton, Missouri
10 September Greek Communists launch civil war against Royalists
1947 March Launch of the Truman Doctrine
June Marshall Plan established
1948 February Communist coup in Czechoslovakia
June Berlin Blockade begins ­ lasts 11 months
1949 April NATO established
May Berlin Blockade lifted
August Russia tests its first atomic bomb
September Communists take over China
December Chiang Kai-Shek moves to Taiwan and creates Nationalist
1950 January H-Bomb development approved by Truman
February Sino-Soviet alliance signed
McCarthy begins witch hunts
25 June Start of the Korean War
5th March Death of Stalin
27 July Ceasefire agreed in Korea
1954 July Geneva agreement on Indochina
Vietnam split at the 17th parallel
September Taiwan Straits crisis develops
1955 May Warsaw Pact established
July Geneva Summit (Khrushchev and Eisenhower)
October Suez Crisis begins
1956 November Soviet troops invade Hungary
1958 August Crisis develops in Taiwan Straits
November Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin
1960 May U-2 spy plane shot down over USSR
November JFK elected President
December Cuba open aligns itself with the Soviet Union
1961 12 April Yuri Gagarin becomes first man in space
th th
17 ­ 20 April Bay of Pigs invasion
June Vienna Summit (Kennedy and Khrushchev)
August Berlin Wall erected
1962 US involvement in Vietnam increases
October Cuban Missile Crisis
1963 July Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ratified
November Kennedy assassinated

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Johnson sworn in as President
1964 August Gulf of Tonkin Resolution leads to increased US involvement in
1968 January Nixon elected as President
August Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia
1969 March Sino-Soviet border clash as Damansky Island on the Ussuri River
August Sino-Soviet clashes at Xinjiang
1970 April Nixon extends war to Cambodia
1972 February Nixon visits China
May SALT I signed
1974 August Nixon resigns following Watergate
1975 April Saigon falls to Communist forces
August Helsinki Accords signed
1979 July SALT II signed
November…read more


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